14 Photos 0 Facebook Internet Services Tech Industry Post a comment Smart displays let Amazon, Facebook, Google show you answers to your questions Facebook lets you search for ads by page now instead of just keywords. Screenshot by Queenie Wong/CNET Facebook wants to make it easier for you to learn about the ads that flow through the world’s largest social network. On Thursday, the tech giant said it is expanding a public database that will allow people to search for and find information about political ads or those related to issues of national importance in certain countries. Now that database, which is changing its name from the Ad Archive in the US to the Ad Library, will also show all active ads that run on specific Facebook pages. Facebook pages, which look similar to but are separate from individuals’ profiles, are how businesses, groups and public figures set themselves up on the social network. Previously, Facebook users had to visit a page’s “info and ads” section to find the advertisements run by that page. Now people who visit the Ad Library can search for ads by page instead of just keywords. They’ll also be able to report an ad within the Ad Library for violating the social network’s rules. “Shining a brighter light on advertising and Pages on Facebook holds us and advertisers more accountable, which is good for people and businesses,” Satwik Shukla, Facebook’s product manager, said in a blog post. Facebook launched new ad transparency tools last year after facing criticism that the company did little to stop foreign entities from meddling in the 2016 US presidential election. The social network discovered that Russian trolls purchased more than 3,000 ads between 2015 to 2017 to sow discord before and after the election. Share your voice Now playing: Watch this: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter: What’s your relationship… 5:14 Tags Since then, Facebook has been beefing up its efforts to give people more information about ads shown on its site. People who search for political ads are able to see who paid for an ad, how much money an organization spent on an ad, who saw the ad and how many views the ad received. But Facebook’s ad transparency efforts also ran into road bumps. In May, the company kicked in new rules for political and issue ads, requiring advertisers who run those ads to verify their identity and addresses.Some businesses have complained that Facebook has misclassified their ads as political or related to an issue of national importance. Media outlets such as Vice News and Business Insider also found loopholes, showing how the tool could be abused. The publications got approval to publish ads they identified as having been paid for by parties such as Vice President Mike Pence, Cambridge Analytica, the Islamic State and all 100 US senators. Lawmakers then called on Facebook to fix their ad transparency tool. Facebook announced other changes to increase ad transparency.People who visit the Ad Library will be able to check when a Facebook page was created, if it merged with other pages or changed its name. If the Facebook page with a large audience runs political or issues ads in countries where the transparency tool is available, you’ll also see the page manager’s location. This information will also be available in a new section called “page transparency” within Facebook pages.The company is also expanding access to data from the Ad Library so others can analyze political or issues ads. The social network no longer requires certain news publishers to verify their identities or label their ads as political or related to an issue of national importance. In mid-May, Facebook will also be updating a report about political and issue ads on a daily basis instead of weekly. Facebook’s political ad transparency tools first launched in the US, but rolled out to other countries including the UK, Brazil, India, Ukraine and Israel. Facebook also plans to introduce these tools in the EU ahead of the European Parliament election in May. By the end of June, Facebook said it will launch these tools globally.
Honda PilotDropping down to seventh place for 2019 is the Honda Pilot. Like its two-row Passport sibling, the three-row Pilot offers parent-focused technology like Cabin Talk as well as myriad standard driver-assistance features through the Honda Sensing tech suite. Honda’s largest crossover offers up nearly 84 cubic feet of cargo space. Honda’s 3.5-liter V6 engine shows up again, making a serviceable 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. Touring and Elite trims get a nine-speed automatic transmission while lower trims have to make do with a six-speed auto. The Honda Pilot is made in Lincoln, Alabama. 2019 Honda Pilot Elite: A smoother, tech-rich crossover SUV 10 Photos More From Roadshow 0 49 Photos 26 Photos Tags Honda PassportThe Honda Passport is a new (well, reborn) entry to both the Honda lineup and the American Made Index. This midsize crossover comes to the fray with great driving dynamics and plenty of tech like the standard Honda Sensing suite of active safety features. An available 8-inch touchscreen gets Apple CarPlay and Android Auto as well as a Wi-Fi hotspot.Under the hood is the stalwart 3.5-liter V6 producing 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. However unlike the Ridgeline, the Passport sends that power through a nine-speed automatic transmission. Having said that, just like the Ridgeline, this is the only powertrain available. The Honda Passport is built in Lincoln, Alabama. 2019 Acura MDX adds new features and an A-Spec model 2019 GMC Canyon: A fancier Colorado 81 Photos Acura RDXThe third-generation Acura RDX squeaks into the top ten list with larger proportions, plenty of interior space and better handling than its predecessor. Forward collision warning with collision mitigation braking, adaptive cruise control that works even in low-speed traffic, lane-keeping steering assist and road departure mitigation are all standard across the board. Like its MDX counterpart, the RDX is available with the A-Spec styling package.The RDX sports a 2.0-liter, turbocharged, four-cylinder engine. Output is stated at 273 horsepower and 280 pound-feet of torque, and it’s mated to a 10-speed automatic transmission. The new RDX is built in East Liberty, Ohio. 2019 Jeep Cherokee can handle the rough stuff 2019 Honda Ridgeline review: Light duty, heavy punch 2019 Chevrolet Corvette Grand Sport loves to hustle 2019 Chevy Colorado ZR2 Bison: An off-road animal 2019 Honda Odyssey offers plenty of room and features for families 18 Photos Recalls Acura 2019 GMC Sierra Denali review: So close to greatness 68 Photos 10 Photos Share your voice 2019 Acura NSX review: Hitting its stride SUVs Crossovers Honda RidgelineAgain keeping the status quo, the Honda Ridgeline maintains third place on the American Made Index. This crossover-that-looks-like-a-truck provides a better ride than a traditional pickup and gets an awesome lockable trunk right in the floor of the bed. And it doesn’t do the truck stuff too badly, either, as it’s able to carry 1,860 pounds of payload and tow 3,500 pounds.The Ridgeline is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 good for 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. That is channeled through a six-speed automatic transmission with available all-wheel drive. It’s built in Lincoln, Alabama. 52 Photos 12 Photos 2020 GMC Sierra 1500 first drive: Diesel power and upgraded tech 3 Comments Honda OdysseyThe feature-rich Honda Odyssey minivan also retains its number-two slot from last year’s list. While the 2019 model doesn’t see any changes from last, it’s still a darn good choice for families on the go with reconfigurable seats, Wi-Fi and an excellent rear-seat entertainment system. The Cabin Watch video system lets parents keep an eye on their little darlings without turning around in their seats, while Cabin Talk amplifies their voice so no yelling is required.The Odyssey is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 rated for 280 horsepower and 262 pound-feet of torque. Most trims get a nine-speed automatic but the top Touring and Elite trims now use a 10-speed automatic with stop-start technology. The Honda Odyssey is made in Lincoln, Alabama. Post a comment Acura MDXMoving up one slot to sixth place on the American Made Index is the non-hybrid variant of the Acura MDX. With its SH-AWD system, the MDX is one of the better handling midsize luxury crossovers, and for 2019 the company gives us the A-Spec treatment with a new front fascia and side skirts, 20-inch wheels, wider exhaust tips, unique gauges, a new steering wheel, carbon fiber trim and various Alcantara interior touches.However, both the standard and A-Spec models get a 3.5-liter V6 engine, rated for 290 horsepower and 267 pound-feet of torque going through a nine-speed automatic transmission. The Acura MDX is made in East Liberty, Ohio. 2019 Acura MDX adds new features and an A-Spec model 2019 Acura RDX A-Spec: Sharp handling, sharper looks 2019 Honda Ridgeline: The commuter’s pickup truck Jeep CherokeeKeeping its top-of-the-list placement, the Jeep Cherokee is 2019’s most American-made car. Refreshed for 2019, the compact crossover now features more tech, better cargo space and a slightly tweaked look. It’s available in no fewer the nine trims, including the off-road specific Trailhawk and a fancy-pants Trailhawk Elite.For 2019, the Cherokee gets a new 2.0-liter, turbocharged, four-cylinder engine with 270 horsepower and 295 pound-feet of torque, though naturally aspirated I4 and V6 choices are also available. Regardless of engine, a nine-speed automatic transmission gets the power to the pavement — or dirt as the case may be. The Cherokee is made in Belvidere, Illinois. Chevrolet ColoradoMaking its debut in the top 10 is the Chevrolet Colorado. Shown here in the tough ZR2 Bison off-road spec, the Chevy Colorado is an excellent truck and one of the two midsize pickups you can get with a diesel engine. Adding to the ZR2’s two-inch lift and front and rear locking differentials, the Bison gets beefier skid plates (trust me, that’s a good thing), steel bumpers and integrated recovery points. Heck, you can even get a snorkel.Base models get a 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine with a six-speed manual transmission, but a more popular choice is the 3.6-liter V6 gas engine with 308 horsepower and 275 pound-feet of torque, mated to an eight-speed automatic transmission. Meanwhile, the 2.8-liter diesel pumps out 186 horsepower and a delicious 369 pound-feet of twist and is mated to a six-speed automatic. The Chevy Colorado is built in Wentzville, Missouri. 2019 Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 Bison: A tougher off-roader Tags 71 Photos Share your voice More From Roadshow 69 Photos 2020 GMC Sierra HD first drive: Towing tech marvel Car Industry Acura,Enlarge ImageIt’s all in a day’s work for the Jeep Cherokee, the most American-made car in 2019. Jeep With high trade tensions looming and increasing talk of tariffs, more and more consumers are looking to buy American. Cars.com has released its annual American Made Index, showcasing companies that use the most American-sourced parts and labor in their vehicles. The results may surprise you.Cars.com analyzed more than 100 US-built vehicles for five key data points: manufacturing location, parts sourcing, US employment, engine sourcing and transmission sourcing. You might think something like the Ford F-150 would top the list, but it drops from its No. 5 spot for 2018 and out of the top 10 completely. Even the first-place holder, the Jeep Cherokee, is a pretty global product. It’s a Jeep, sure, but that brand is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, an Italian-owned business.Cars.com surveyed 1,000 people and found that half are concerned about automotive import tariffs, with 41% saying they are unsure if tariffs would make them more likely to buy American. Either way, we’re big fans of all the vehicles on this list. These days, buying American doesn’t necessarily mean sticking with a US-based automaker. This recall affects the MDX crossover’s taillights. Acura Acura is recalling more than 323,000 MDX crossovers in the United States due to the potential of leaky taillight assemblies. Vehicles from model years 2014 through 2019 are affected, according to the automaker’s official statement Monday.In addition to the 323,000 affected vehicles in the United States, The Washington Post reports an additional 37,000 or so are located in other markets. That brings the total number to more than 360,000 worldwide.”Due to a body variation in tailgate manufacturing, the rear tailgate lid light seals may deform and allow water to leak into the light assemblies,” Acura said in a statement. Should this happen, the water can find its way to electrical components, and cause the taillights to malfunction.Acura says its dealers will replace the gasket seals on the affected vehicles, and if necessary, replace the faulty light assemblies and their associated wiring subharnesses. As with all recalls, the repair work will be performed free of charge.The automaker says MDX owners will be notified by mail beginning early next month. To see if your car is affected by this — or any other — recall, head over to our how-to guide on checking for a car recall to find out (don’t worry, it’s a breeze). GMC CanyonIf you’re looking for a slightly fancier version of the Colorado that’s more focused on luxe than dirt, check out the GMC Canyon. The top Denali trim gets standard heated and ventilated front seats as well as a heated steering wheel. Maximum payload capability is 1,665 pounds while max towing is a fairly healthy 7,600 pounds.The Canyon is available with the same 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine, 3.6-liter V6 or 2.8-liter diesel as the Chevrolet Colorado. It’s also built in Wentzville, Missouri. Chevrolet CorvetteMoving up from the 10th-place slot last year is the 2019 Chevrolet Corvette. While we’ve all been ogling the new mid-engine Corvette, it’s easy to forget what a performance bargain the current-generation ‘Vette is. From the base trim to the Grand Sport to the bonkers ZR1, the Corvette is an American icon.My preference is for the Grand Sport, which strikes a perfect balance between everyday drivability and canyon-carving performance. The 6.2-liter V8 puts out 460 horsepower and 465 pound-feet of torque. You can get it with a seven-speed manual or eight-speed automatic transmission, but the kicker is the borrowed chassis and aero parts from the beefier Z06. Like I said, perfect balance. The Corvette is made in Bowling Green, Kentucky. 2019 Honda Passport: A well-rounded midsize offering General Motors Chevrolet Honda Jeep Acura
Korean manufacturer Hyundai’s entry level hatchback offering in India, Eon has reportedly gotten a new 1.litre petrol engine variant, suggests a new report.Eon’s 1.0-litre petrol engine version has been rumoured for quite some time now. A new report by AutoCar India claims that Hyundai has launched the new avatar of Eon in the Indian market and the dealerships of the company across the country have started accepting bookings for the new model.Citing sources close to the development, the report also said that the model will come with features like air-con, power steering, front power windows, keyless entry and 13-inch steel wheels. In terms of the styling, the 1.0-litre Eon looks the same as the current model. The car will be powered by 1.0-litre, three-cylinder motor, which can churn out a power of 65 bhp and a torque of 9.7 kgm .The deliveries of the new Eon is expected to start in few weeks.The new Eon is reportedly available only on the Magna variant and is priced at 3.85 lakh (ex-showroom, Mumbai) for the metallic paint. The car will rival Maruti Suzuki Alto K10, Maruti Suzuki Estilo and Datsun GO in the domestic market. Currently India’s small car market has been dominated by Maruti Suzuki with its models like Alto, Alto K10 and more.With the launch, Hyundai hopes to stabilize its position in the small car segment. In March, the company reported 8.37 percent decline in total sales at 51,708 units for March 2014 as against the 56,437 units in the same month of last year. In the domestic market, Hyundai sold 35,003 units in the last month, as compared to 33,858 units in March 2013. The export of the company in March plunged by 26 percent to 16,705 units as against 22,579 units in the corresponding month last year.[ED:VS]
UK’s turn to trial driverless car114 viewsUK’s turn to trial driverless car114 views00:00 / 00:00- 00:00:0000:00UK’s turn to trial driverless car114 viewsBusinessDriverless cars are one step getting closer to hitting the roads in the UK. A government-backed project on Wednesday unveiling a pair of prototype vehicles. One is already ferrying passengers aroundVentuno Web Player 4.50Driverless cars are one step getting closer to hitting the roads in the UK. A government-backed project on Wednesday unveiling a pair of prototype vehicles. One is already ferrying passengers around
This can’t keep happening with the bails !!! Hard enough being a bowler nowadays .. needs changing— Nasser Hussain (@nassercricket) June 9, 2019India defeated Australia in their second match of the tournament by 36 runs. Next, they are going to face New Zealand on June 13. Virat KohliICCIndian skipper Virat Kohli and Australian skipper Aaron Finch condemned the unfair advantage some batsmen are getting due to the ‘zing’ bails at the ICC 2019 Cricket World Cup. India faced Australia in a much-awaited clash in the tournament on June 9 at the Oval, in London. The incident with the bails happened during Australia’s run-chase.India set a massive target of 353 for Australia to chase in 50 overs in the second half of the game. In the second over of the run-chase, Australian opener David Warner played a delivery of Jasprit Bumrah which after hitting his bat and his boot crashed into the stumps. But the Indian players were stunned to see that the bails did not fall off and Warner went on to score 56 runs. This was not the first incident of this kind that happened with the bails in the tournament. The same thing has happened five times already in this year’s edition.Indian captain Virat Kohli expressed concern over the incident after the match, saying, “This is not something that you expect at international level. Technology is great but if you have to smash the stumps to get a wicket it’s not right. These are fast bowlers and the ball hit the stump quite hard but the bails did not fall.” File photo: David Warner got saved as the bails dd not fall after the ball hit the stumps.Daniel Kalisz/Getty ImagesHe added, “If you bowl a good ball to get someone out and if the batsman still survives then what is the point? This may hamper the tournament.”Australian captain Aaron Finch also voiced his feelings on the incident. He said, “Today, we were lucky that it went on our side, but the other day we can be on the receiving side as well. This needs to be fixed otherwise it can hamper important and crucial matches in the tournament.”The International Cricket Council (ICC) has defended the zing bails stating that they are much more lighter than the wooden bails.The cricket world reacted to the incident quite harshly, former English cricketer Nasser Hussain asked ICC to take immediate action to save the tournament from getting hampered and Michael Vaughan made fun of the incident.Nice era to Bat when you can’t get bowled !!!!! These stumps/Zinger bail combination have to be changed ….. #CWC2019— Michael Vaughan (@MichaelVaughan) June 9, 2019
A British Airways airplane flies past a signage of pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) in London in this file photo. GlaxoSmithKline is said to have formed a separate team to chalk out aggressive acquisition plans to further its growth in the competitive Indian market. REUTERS/Luke MacGregorGlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Pharmaceuticals is scouting for acquisitions in the domestic market for the first time since it started its operations in the country 93 years ago, according to a Business Standard (BS) report on Monday.The change in strategy for a company which has preferred to rely on its traditional strengths in the branded generics space. The decision to grow inorganically comes at a time when the government is increasing price over branded generic medicines which has affected the company’s profitability.”So far, our inorganic growth in India has primarily been driven by global acquisition strategy,” Managing Director Annaswamy Vaidheesh told the financial daily.The firm has established products like Zinetac, used for acid peptic ulcer therapy, which have been included in the National List of Essential Medicines (NELM), and reduction of prices on these drugs has affected the firm’s margins.Since the NELM inclusion, Zinetac’s value has fallen 5 per cent, despite its volumes increasing 36 per cent, Business Standard said. Zinetac has market share of 47 per cent in the category, according to December 2016 data from IMS.The UK-headquartered company recorded compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of a meagre 4.4 per cent to Rs 3,000 crore for 2016-17. Profit declined to Rs 337 crore in 2016-17 from Rs 429 crore in 2011. For the first quarter of fiscal 2018 ended June 30, 2017, net sales touched Rs 587 crore, with profits at Rs 26 crore. The company changed its financial year to March-ending in 2014-15 from December-ending earlier, the report said.Regulatory headwinds, eroded marginsDespite pricing headwinds propelled by the government’s social obligations finding their way into pharmaceutical policy, the firm has cemented its commitment to India by investing Rs 1,000 crore in a new manufacturing facility in Vemgal, Karnataka. Another Rs 500 crore is being spent for upgrading a facility in Nashik, near Pune. It is now bringing more products in areas of respiratory drugs and vaccines from its global pipeline to India, the BS report said.In 2015, the parent company, GlaxoSmithKline Plc, had swapped its marketed oncology portfolio with the vaccine business of Novartis AG, Switzerland. This involved the swapping of their businesses in India, too, the BS report said.The parent company got its current identity with the merger of Glaxo Wellcome with SmithKline Beecham in 2000.Vaidheesh said that it was only in the recent past that the company built a India team to evaluate inorganic growth opportunities in the domestic market. “Since we have got our manufacturing footprint more or less sorted, it is time for us to look at what else we can do to drive growth,” Vaidheesh told the financial daily. A woman walks past a GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd logo outside the company headquarters in Mumbai in this December 16, 2013 file photo. REUTERS/Danish SiddiquiRegulatory pressures on Indian pharmaceutical companies have been worsening by the day, accompanied by pricing pressure in the generics segment denting realisations.USFDA alerts on Indian pharma companies have increased over the past few years. Regulators used to visit the plants every two years. Now they come every eight months. Increasing inspections have led to a total of 41 import alerts in the past eight years, with 33 of them occurring in the 2013-16 period. This clearly signifies increased USFDA scrutiny on Indian pharma firms.
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COPY LINKAD Loading … While the Brazilian Armed Forces have been deployed and are currently operating in nine Amazon states to contain the fire, international communities have stated that Brazil needs help from allies in containing the extreme wildlife fires.Canda has offered to contribute C$15 million ($11.30 million) in aid and send water bombers to Brazil.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the G7 summit on Monday said, “One of the things we have seen over the past years as Canada has faced increasingly extreme wildfire events is there is a global network of support and friends that lean on each other.”Chilean President Sebastian Pinera described a two-fold strategy of implementing emergency efforts in containing the fire.”Countries urgently need firefighters and specialised water bombers. This will be the first step that will be implemented immediately. The second phase is to protect these forests, protect the biodiversity they contain and reforest this region of the world,” he said.Describing the fires as a global emergency, Macron announced France’s willingness to offer military support. He also mentioned, according to Reuters, that the G-7 countries – the United Kingdom, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States – will draw an initiative for the reforestation and conservation of biodiversity in the Amazon, that will be launched during next month’s UN General Assembly in New York.Personal riftTensions between Macron and Bolsonaro have deteriorated and turned personal after the Brazilian President mocked Macron’s wife on Facebook.The French President, addressing the incident on Monday stated, “He (Bolsonaro) said very disrespectful things about my wife. I have great respect for the Brazilian people and can only hope they soon have a president who is up to the job.” The Amazon rain forest is on fire Fire in Amazon rainforest near Porto Velho, Rondonia State, Brazil, August 21ReutersBrazil on Monday rejected aid worth $20 million offered by G7 countries to fight the Amazon fires and told French President Emmanuel Macron to take care of “the forests in Europe”.”We appreciate (the offer), but maybe those resources are more relevant to reforest Europe,” Onyx Lorenzoni, Chief of Staff to Brazillian President Jair Bolsonaro, told state media G1 news.The Brazilian official slammed the G7 countries’ offer of emergency aid to help extinguish the blazing Amazon rainforest as a colonialist gesture. “Macron cannot even avoid a foreseeable fire in a church that is a world heritage site. What does he intend to teach our country?” he said.Bolsonaro stated that Brazil was being treated like “a colony or no man’s land” and said the aid was an attack on the country’s sovereignty.The emergency fund for the fire in the rainforests, described as “the lungs of the world” due to its capacity to absorb carbon dioxide, was initially welcomed by Brazilian environment Minister Ricardo Salles.The fire has spread 950,000 hectares (2.3 million acres) according to latest inputs.The Brazillian government affirmed its stance against the emergency funds after a meeting with top officials. “Brazil is a democratic, free nation that never had colonialist and imperialist practices, as perhaps is the objective of the Frenchman Macron,” Lorenzoni said.Amazon and the blazing diplomacyHowever, Macron told news channel France 2 on the sidelines of the G7 summit that while he respected Brazil’s sovereignty, the Amazon fires is a global issue.”The Amazon forest is a subject for the whole planet… We cannot allow you to destroy everything,” Macron said.The fires have made international headlines, drawing attention to the rampant deforestation in Brazil, which has reportedly increased after President Bolsonaro took office in January. Reports suggest that the fires were a deliberate attempt to clear the forest in order to sell the land to farmers and ranchers. According to a report by Brazil space research agency INPE, compared to last year, deforestation in the Amazon has increased by 67 percent. Close
Parliament FILE PHOTOThe fourth session of the 11th parliament will begin on 8 September next after a 59-day recess in the proceedings of the Jatiya Sangsad, reports UNB. President Abdul Hamid on Wednesday summoned the fourth session of the 11th parliament, said a Parliament Secretariat media release. Before the House goes into the session at 5:00pm on 8 September, the business advisory committee of parliament is likely to sit at a meeting to fix the duration and businesses of the session. On 11 July last, the third session (budget session) of the 11th parliament was prorogued, which passed the national budget for 2019-20 fiscal year, supplementary budget for 2018-19 and 7 bills, including Law and Order Disruption (Speedy Trial) (Amendment) Bill, 2019, during its 21 working days.
The 23rd annual Lotta Art Benefit returns to School 33 Art Center Nov. 7 from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. at 1427 Light Street, Baltimore, Maryland. Lotta Art features a lottery-style drawing where patrons are guaranteed to leave with an original artwork valued at or above the cost of their ticket. This year’s Lotta Art will celebrate School 33 Art Center’s Co(lab)oration projects, three permanent installations created by collaborating groups of Baltimore artists. Lotta Art is going mid-century modern by hosting a 1960s-inspired cocktail party with classic cocktails, period-perfect attire and music. Visit school33.org for more information.
Global warming led to atmospheric hydrogen sulfide and permian extinction © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Micha Ruhl and colleagues from the University of Copenhagen’s Nordic Center for Earth Evolution have published a paper in Science where they contend that the mass extinction that occurred at the end of the Triassic period, was due to a “sudden” increase in the amount of methane in the atmosphere due to the effects of global warning that resulted from the spewing of carbon dioxide from volcanoes. Citation: Paleoecologists suggest mass extinction due to huge methane release (2011, July 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-paleoecologists-mass-extinction-due-huge.html More information: Atmospheric Carbon Injection Linked to End-Triassic Mass Extinction, Science 22 July 2011: Vol. 333 no. 6041 pp. 430-434 DOI:10.1126/science.1204255ABSTRACTThe end-Triassic mass extinction (~201.4 million years ago), marked by terrestrial ecosystem turnover and up to ~50% loss in marine biodiversity, has been attributed to intensified volcanic activity during the break-up of Pangaea. Here, we present compound-specific carbon-isotope data of long-chain n-alkanes derived from waxes of land plants, showing a ~8.5 per mil negative excursion, coincident with the extinction interval. These data indicate strong carbon-13 depletion of the end-Triassic atmosphere, within only 10,000 to 20,000 years. The magnitude and rate of this carbon-cycle disruption can be explained by the injection of at least ~12 × 103 gigatons of isotopically depleted carbon as methane into the atmosphere. Concurrent vegetation changes reflect strong warming and an enhanced hydrological cycle. Hence, end-Triassic events are robustly linked to methane-derived massive carbon release and associated climate change. Prior to this research, most scientists have believed that the sudden extinction of nearly half of all life forms on the planet was due solely to the emissions from volcanic eruptions that were occurring in what was to become the Atlantic Ocean. Ruhl et al contend that instead, what happened, was that the small amount of atmospheric heating that occurred due to the exhaust from the volcanoes, caused the oceans to warm as well, leading to the melting of ice crystals at the bottom of the sea that were holding on to methane created by the millions of years of decomposing sea life. When the ice crystals melted, methane was released, which in turn caused the planet to warm even more, which led to more methane release in a chain reaction, that Ruhl says, was the real reason for the mass extinction that led to the next phase in world history, the rise of dinosaurs. Ruhl and his team base their assertions on studies they’ve made of the isotopes of carbon in plants (found in what is now the Austrian Alps) that existed during the period before the mass extinction. In so doing they found two different types of carbons and the molecules that were produced during that time frame. After extensive calculations, Ruhl and his team came to the conclusion that some 12,000 gigatons of methane would have had to have been pumped into the atmosphere to account for the differences in the isotopes; something the team believes could only have happened if the methane were to come from the sea floor.This new research, though dire sounding, may or may not have implications for modern Earth. While it is true that humans have pumped significant amounts of carbon into the atmosphere, amounts that are approaching what Ruhl and his team say led to the earlier methane release, it doesn’t necessarily mean we are on the same path, because as Ruhl points out, things are much different today, the very structure of the planet has changed so much that it would be impossible to transfer what might have been learned about events in Earth’s history 200 million years ago, to what is going on today. This wide angle view of the Earth is centered on the Atlantic Ocean between South America and Africa. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Facebook has announced the open-source release of Sonar, their cross-platform debugging tool. Sonar is designed to aid developers, framework experts and engineers collaborate on the app development process. Sonar is built on Facebook’s Stetho, an Android debugging bridge built on Chrome’s developer tools. Sonar further adds more extensible features to Stetho such as plugins to help engineers develop new features, investigate bugs and optimize apps. Sonar is a cross-platform debugging tool. Hence developers can connect their mobile devices ( Android and iOS or an emulator) to a desktop client for inspection. Sonar works as a guide and interpreter to a running app providing developers with stats on what an app is doing to better understand bugs and system capabilities. Sonar is now available for the developer community at large, not just Facebook engineers, as an open-source software project via GitHub. As Sonar was designed with extensibility in focus, it made use of a lot of external plugins. With the open sourcing of Sonar, these plugins are also being open-sourced. Some of these include: Logs, a plugin that shows device logs without the need for additional setup. Layout Inspector, a debugging platform that provides deep dives into user interface hierarchies and supports Litho and ComponentKit components. Network, a plugin that enables the inspection of network packets as they pass into and out of the app in question. Sonar architecture Sonar’s architecture has two parts, a desktop client, and a mobile SDK. The desktop client is built on top of Electron, and Facebook’s projects such as React.js, Flow, Metro, RSocket, and Yarn. The mobile SDK is installed within the Android or iOS application and interacts with the desktop client. The mobile SDK makes use of Facebook open source projects such as Folly and RSocket. Plugins are available for both Desktop client and Mobile SDK. Desktop client plugins render the UI and a mobile SDK plugin exposes the data. A React component extends the desktop plugin class. This React component is in charge of communicating with the mobile SDK plugin and rendering any data it delivers. The mobile SDK plugin is developed in the language native to the platform on which it will run ( Swift/Objective-C on iOS or Java/ Kotlin on Android). It registers a set of handlers and defines responses for them. Source: Facebook Blog Emil Sjölander, Facebook software engineer hopes that “open-sourcing Sonar and the accompanying plugins will provide a useful tool for other engineers working on mobile applications.” He says that “As we’ve already seen Sonar prove useful internally at Facebook, we think Sonar’s APIs will help other engineers build great new experiences to improve their workflows.” You can read about the full release coverage on Facebook code blog. Read Next Jest 23, Facebook’s popular framework for testing React applications is now releasedFacebook’s F8 Conference – 5 key announcementsTesting Single Page Applications (SPAs) using Vue.js developer tools