A Remnant of the Toxic Effect of Darwinian Eugenicsby Dr Jerry BergmanIt is well-known that forced Darwinian eugenic sterilization programs targeted Blacks, but evidence is surfacing that the Latinos were also targets. An article titled “Forced sterilization programs in California once harmed thousands – particularly Latinas” [i] supports this conclusion. In the first half of the 20th century, a University of Vermont study concluded U.S. eugenics programs sterilized an estimated 60,000 people that public health and social works deemed “unfit.” [ii] This study was a continuation of the work by Professor Nancy Gallagher as part of the book she wrote titled Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State. [iii]Professor Gallagher found eugenics was being applied to a wide variety of putative social problems, in this case in an attempt to solve the “problem” of Vermont’s rural poor in the 1920s. The inherent application of eugenics to a wide variety of problems also was used in response to prejudice against certain ethnic groups. In the study by Novak, et al., reviewed here, the case of “Latinas” in California was reviewed.[iv] Between the early 1920s and as late as the 1950s, California sterilized about 20,000 people, fully one-third of the entire American total.California led the nation in the effort to apply evolution in order to help create a superior race in harmony with Darwinism. Amazingly, the records of the sterilization requests of over 20,000 people still existed after all of these years. These records were examined to determine the role that race played in the sterilization decisions. Novak and Lira concluded the goal of the movement was Darwinian because:Eugenics was seen as a “science” in the early 20th century, and its ideas remained popular into the midcentury. Advocating for the “science of better breeding,” eugenicists endorsed sterilizing people considered unfit to reproduce.The eugenic laws varied, but, amazingly for us today, California passed a eugenic law in 1909 that allowed anyone committed to a state institution for whatever reason to be sterilized. The problem was many of the institutional residents were committed by court order or even by family members who would not, or could not due to poverty or other reasons, care for them. Once admitted, medical superintendents could authorize the sterilization largely at their own discretion. The criteria to sterilize patients was the judgement of “feebleminded” or “having conditions thought to be likely transmitted to descendants” – a vague category that included a wide variety of conditions from physical to mental diseases.The researchers summarized their findings in a peer reviewed study published in The American Journal of Public Health, a leading scientific journal. They were able to use the data from a total of 17,362 forms recommending institutionalized patients for sterilization between 1920 and 1945. The larger the number of Latinos in the general population, it would be expected that a larger number of Latinos would be in the study. They controlled for this population level problem by using U.S. Census data from 1920 to 1940.Illustration from Novak and Lira, 2018.The results include the finding that Latino men were far more likely to be sterilized than were non-Latino men, and Latina women experienced an even greater disproportionate risk of sterilization then non-Latinas. In short, Latinas women were at a 59% greater risk of sterilization than non-Latinas. The same finding has been found in other studies with other groups, including Jews and Blacks.A 1918 report published by the state of California found the “ratio of feeble-mindedness was far higher among Mexicans, Negroes, and recent immigrants from Europe than among those of native American stock. The former three groups make up about three-fifths of those tested, but they account for nearly nine-tenths of the feeble-minded and border zone cases.” [v]The conclusion of the Novak and Lira study was “Eugenic sterilization laws were disproportionately applied to Latina/o patients, particularly Latina women and girls.” Furthermore, “Eugenic thinking inscribed “scientific” legitimacy to racial stereotypes of Latinas/os as inferior and unfit to reproduce… ‘hyper fertile,’ inadequate mothers, criminally inclined, and … prone to feeblemindedness.” The latter category “prone to feeblemindedness” was especially problematic because this criteria was so vague that it could include almost anyone.[i] Nicole L. Novak and Professor Natalie Lira. 2018. Forced sterilization programs in California once harmed thousands – particularly Latinas. The Conversation, March 22, 2018.[ii] https://www.uvm.edu/%7Elkaelber/eugenics/[iii] Nancy Gallagher. 1999. Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State. Hanover, VT: University Press of New York State.[iv] Novak, Nicole et al., 2018. Disproportionate Sterilization of Latinos Under California’s Eugenic Sterilization Program, 1920-1945. American Journal of Public Health. March 22. E1-E3.[v] Surveys in Mental Deviation in Prisons, Public Schools, and Orphanages in California. Sacramento: California State Printing Office. 1918. p. 19. Dr Jerry Bergman, professor, author and speaker, is a frequent contributor to Creation-Evolution Headlines. He is currently a staff scientist at the Institute for Creation Research (ICR). See his Author Profile for his previous articles and more information.Dr Bergman’s book explains the rise of eugenics from Britain to America to Nazi GermanyAttaching the term “scientific” to what is a very subjective judgement occurs not only in these eugenic cases, but in other areas as well, including the issue related to biological origins determined by Darwinism. The eugenics program was a classic case of the powerful domination of the less powerful, exactly like the powerful scientist establishment today dominates the largely powerless creationist and Intelligent Design supporters. The harm of eugenics is covered in more detail in Jerry Bergman’s book The Darwin Effect: Its influence on Nazism, Eugenics, Racism, Communism, Capitalism & Sexism. 2014. Green Forest, AR: Master Books. Available on Amazon, Barnes & Noble and Books a Million.(Visited 471 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
5 July 2012 South Africa and Belgium have agreed to cooperate in areas that could help South Africa meet its key priorities nationally, as well as in the rest of Africa. This came out of a meeting between International Relations and Cooperation Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane and her Belgian counterpart, Didier Reynders, in Pretoria on Wednesday. The two looked at how Belgium can help support South Africa’s national priorities, especially infrastructure development. Addressing the media after their meeting, Nkoana-Mashabane said the government remained convinced that the key to the economic development of the continent lay in creating the necessary infrastructure to facilitate the free movement of goods, people and services. “We remain committed to integrating the continent in order to create a bigger market,” said Nkoana-Mashabane. She said the planned Tripartite Free Trade Area involving the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), East African Community (EAC) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) would open up more investment opportunities. Despite the economic crisis faced by the Euro countries, Reynders said Belgium was committed to working closely with South Africa in the identification and implementation of various projects, which have the potential to assist South Africa achieve its developmental objectives, especially in the fields of infrastructure development, skills development, energy, water and education. Reynders said Belgium was pleased with the progress the country had made in its development and its role in some of the international platforms. Belgium has long played a meaningful role in the development of South Africa. In recent years, it allocated €25-million euro as official development assistance (ODA) to South Africa covering health, education and capacity-building in the public sector. There is also extensive cooperation between the ports of Durban and Antwerp, as Belgium is a leading country in ports management, transport and logistics, which are especially important to South Africa in the context of its strategic infrastructure projects. The two ministers also reflected on issues of mutual concern such as the economic developments in Europe, which Nkoana-Mashabane indicated SA was following closely, given the inter-dependency of the economies. “As a member of the G20, we pledge to work with our partners to do everything in our power and means to contribute towards the solution. This crisis is not Europe’s problem alone, it’s a global crisis,” said Nkoana-Mashabane. Reynders will also meet with Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies and Mineral Resources Minister Susan Shabangu, as well as travel to KwaZulu-Natal for a meeting with Premier Zweli Mkhize. Source: SANews.gov.za
Train Travel = GeocachingHere’s some (fairly) simple math. Geocaching = Hiking. Right? Well, the answer is yes and no. Welcome to the “new geocaching math.”Besides foot travel there’s a few other modes of transportation that invite geocaching adventure; kayaking, hot air ballooning, off roading, and space travel aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket.All these means of transportation have been exploited to take geocaching to a new level – or out of the atmosphere. But how about caching by train? It’s how the savvy wild west pioneers would have geocached. Now one of the finest examples of powering caching by train takes place, not in the wild west, but in Merry Old England.Geocacher “Steve-e-b” brought his interests and talents to bare on the task. He launched a website detailing geocaches around 94 stations around Birmingham, England. You can use a drop down menu to access nearby caches for each of the stations. Train + Geocaching = Adventure on a time table. How about that for using simple math to plan your next geocaching adventure?Steve-e-b and I exchanged a couple of emails. He says he never set out to merge train travel and geocaching, it’s just something that happened. “… so many of our first caches were found during shopping trips (or, as my wife would say, during “craftily planned trips designed to avoid shopping”). We always traveled into the city by train or bus, and so geocaching by train evolved from there.”He says he hopes the map inspires those visiting or living in the West Midlands to plan a geocaching journey.But what have I missed? What other forms of travel combine so well with geocaching and possibly the shopping experience?Share with your Friends:More SharePrint Related37 Ways to Spice Up Your GeocachingJuly 22, 2014In “Community”Interviews With Geocaching Filmmakers – Part 3February 20, 2015In “GIFF”Congratulations PodCacher on 600 episodes!August 28, 2017In “Community”
The Uttar Pradesh government on Thursday banned unauthorised persons from carrying mobile phones inside Vidhan Bhawan, which houses the State legislature complex, and all offices affiliated to the State secretariat. “The Chief Minister instructed officials to ensure that adequate security and cleanliness arrangements are in place in Vidhan Bhawan and at all the offices attached to the Secretariat. Instructions were also issued to debar outsiders from bringing mobile phones inside these buildings,” an official statement said. Concerned over sanitisation and security, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath directed officials to have fool-proof security check points in the Secretariat and in other related offices, the statement said. “No unwanted person should enter any administrative office without the permission of the officials and mobile phones should be banned for unauthorised persons,” the instructions said. The latest instructions, given by the Chief Minister at a review meeting of secretariat administration, came a day after Mr. Adityanath banned the use of mobile phones during all government meetings, including State Cabinet meetings. All the officials were asked to switch off their mobile phones and keep them outside the conference room. Even office assistants, who had come to collect the laptops of their seniors, were asked not to enter the conference room with their mobile phones. Earlier, the ban was imposed only at review meetings chaired by the Chief Minister. At a function where revenue officials were provided free laptops here on Wednesday mobile phones were not allowed at the venue. Now, Uttar Pradesh government ministers and senior officials will have to deposit their phones at a designated counter and a token would be issued which could later be exchanged for their mobile phones. Officials explained that the Chief Minister wanted all ministers and top officers to focus more on issues that are discussed in the key meetings instead of getting distracted due to mobile phones. Recent media reports claimed that the Chief Minister was irked by some of his ministers chatting on WhatsApp during meetings, after which a direction in this regard was issued by his office. The decision also safeguards against the rising threat of cyber hacking and electronic espionage, the officials said. Ministers were earlier allowed to bring mobile phones but had to keep them in silent mode. Instructions were also issued on Thursday to name all the auditoriums and meeting rooms, and remove hoardings, banners and pamphlets in the vicinity of Vidhan Bhawan and Lok Bhawan, which houses the office of the Chief Minister and senior secretaries of various departments. The statement also said, “e-office system should be implemented at all the departments and offices. All the service-related issues should be disposed of in a timely manner.” A list of officials and staff who indulge in corrupt and nefarious activities should be prepared, it said. Efforts should also be made to effectively dispose of pending cases in the courts, the statement said, adding that complaints should be redressed on merit basis.
Cardale Jones Softball SwingUpdate: It turns out Joey Bosa doesn’t suck at softball. He hit a home run during the intra-team scrimmage.Earlier: Ohio State quarterback Cardale Jones is a gifted athlete – that’s been made clear over the past five or six months. But he doesn’t seem to have much talent for hitting a softball. Friday, OSU’s Instagram account posted a funny video of Jones completely whiffing on a high-arc softball pitch. One of his teammates took footage of it, and even slowed it down to show how much he missed the ball by.Thankfully, Ohio State fans don’t really have to worry here. Whatever 35+ softball team he joins two decades from now might want to, though.
APTN National NewsSome Mi’kmaq high school students put their skills and their robot to the test.The group recently competed at the world robotics championship in Michigan.As Trina Roache reports, they’re already planning bigger and better things for next year.
Real Madrid manager, Zinedine Zidane, who has led Los Galacticos in winning the last two Champions League final, recently stated that he and Klopp was not the same.According to Championat, Zidane said,”Klopp and I are different; I was better, as a player, And if serious, I must say that I respect him a lot; he has done a wonderful job. [But] I can’t say we have similarities.”Obviously, this is boldly true. As a player, he was incomparable except to a few players like Brasilian Ronaldo Luiz Nazario de Lima, his teammate in the club yet rivals in the national team. Both won FIFA World’s Best Player three times. Meanwhile, Jurgen Klopp was barely known as a player since he was only apart of the mediocre team in Germany, Mainz 05.Report: Origi cause Klopp injury concerns George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Divock Origi injury in today’s game against Newcastle is a cause for concern for Jurgen Klopp.Perhaps with one eye on Tuesday’s trip to Italy…However, now, such difference means nothing as they will be guarding and guiding their own teams as Zidane sees themselves in the final, “There is no favorite in the final; the chances of the two teams are equal.”
It seems West Ham have lodged a bid to sign Mateo Kovacic from Real Madrid in the current summer transfer window, according to reports from TMW.If the claim is true, the Hammers would become the leading club in the chase to sign the Croatian midfielder, who has shown repeatedly he desires to exit the Spanish giants.Zidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.After starting only 10 times in La Liga last season, Kovacic is open for new offers that would grant him regular game time. He has also been linked with a move to Arsenal and Tottenham in the past, but no obvious sign of genuine move has been seen so far including signs that suggest real move over speculations that he could decide to move to the Italian sides Juventus, Roma and Napoli.On the other hand, Read West Ham believes that a deal to sign Kovacic would certainly be something of a coup for Manuel Pellegrini’s men, as the new Hammers boss looking to bring in some fresh faces over the summer.
37-year-old John Terry has made the decision to keep playing and he’ll do it in an unlikely destination – Spartak Moscow.According to Gianluca Di Marzio via Daily Mirror John Terry is set to join Russian Spartak Moscow.#Calciomercato | #SpartakMosca, visite mediche ok per #Terry: in giornata la firma https://t.co/hCd2JyPf2n— Gianluca Di Marzio (@DiMarzio) September 8, 2018Aston Villa explains why they spent so much money on players Manuel R. Medina – September 6, 2019 According to Aston Villa’s chief executive, the team needed to spend £144.5 million on 12 players in order to stay competitive.The former Chelsea captain has been without a club since leaving Aston Villa and was contemplating retirement. However, based on recent developments, he has made up his mind to continue playing.Spartak Moscow lost their starting center back Samuel Gigot with a serious injury which will likely keep him out of the football terrains for the rest of the season. John Terry will come in and fill the void left by the injured Frenchman.The Russian team is undefeated in six games so far this season and sits in second place with four wins and two draws. Spartak Moscow qualified for the Europa League as well, where they’re in a group with Villarreal, Rapid Vienna and Rangers FC, which means an interesting meeting between Terry and Rangers’ manager Steven Gerrard is lurking on the horizon.
Huddersfield Town manager David Wagner believes his team deserved at least a point from their game against Liverpool.The Terriers lost 1-0 to the Reds on home soil and Wagner argued a first-half handball in the box by Milner could have given his side a chance to score their first home goal in the Premier League this season.“This handball situation was a huge situation and I don’t understand why it wasn’t a penalty,” he said, according to Herald.“I haven’t spoken to the referee.”“It was a clear handball and the ball changed direction because of this handball and Laurent Depoitre couldn’t receive the ball. It is handball. That could easily decide the direction of the match.”Crouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.Huddersfield striker Steve Mounie missed the game’s best second-half chance in the 82nd minute, leaving the Terriers goalless in their last seven home league games, a new club record.Despite putting up a good fight against Liverpool, Huddersfield defender Chris Lowe cut a dejected figure afterward.“It gives us a bit of confidence if we see that we can give them a real fight and play really well against such a team,” Lowe said.“But the most important thing is to get the first win and get some points on the board.”“We’ve played some good games in the past few weeks, but in the end, we are here after the game with nothing in our hands and that is the most important thing.”