A Remnant of the Toxic Effect of Darwinian Eugenicsby Dr Jerry BergmanIt is well-known that forced Darwinian eugenic sterilization programs targeted Blacks, but evidence is surfacing that the Latinos were also targets. An article titled “Forced sterilization programs in California once harmed thousands – particularly Latinas” [i] supports this conclusion. In the first half of the 20th century, a University of Vermont study concluded U.S. eugenics programs sterilized an estimated 60,000 people that public health and social works deemed “unfit.” [ii] This study was a continuation of the work by Professor Nancy Gallagher as part of the book she wrote titled Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State. [iii]Professor Gallagher found eugenics was being applied to a wide variety of putative social problems, in this case in an attempt to solve the “problem” of Vermont’s rural poor in the 1920s. The inherent application of eugenics to a wide variety of problems also was used in response to prejudice against certain ethnic groups. In the study by Novak, et al., reviewed here, the case of “Latinas” in California was reviewed.[iv] Between the early 1920s and as late as the 1950s, California sterilized about 20,000 people, fully one-third of the entire American total.California led the nation in the effort to apply evolution in order to help create a superior race in harmony with Darwinism. Amazingly, the records of the sterilization requests of over 20,000 people still existed after all of these years. These records were examined to determine the role that race played in the sterilization decisions. Novak and Lira concluded the goal of the movement was Darwinian because:Eugenics was seen as a “science” in the early 20th century, and its ideas remained popular into the midcentury. Advocating for the “science of better breeding,” eugenicists endorsed sterilizing people considered unfit to reproduce.The eugenic laws varied, but, amazingly for us today, California passed a eugenic law in 1909 that allowed anyone committed to a state institution for whatever reason to be sterilized. The problem was many of the institutional residents were committed by court order or even by family members who would not, or could not due to poverty or other reasons, care for them. Once admitted, medical superintendents could authorize the sterilization largely at their own discretion. The criteria to sterilize patients was the judgement of “feebleminded” or “having conditions thought to be likely transmitted to descendants” – a vague category that included a wide variety of conditions from physical to mental diseases.The researchers summarized their findings in a peer reviewed study published in The American Journal of Public Health, a leading scientific journal. They were able to use the data from a total of 17,362 forms recommending institutionalized patients for sterilization between 1920 and 1945. The larger the number of Latinos in the general population, it would be expected that a larger number of Latinos would be in the study. They controlled for this population level problem by using U.S. Census data from 1920 to 1940.Illustration from Novak and Lira, 2018.The results include the finding that Latino men were far more likely to be sterilized than were non-Latino men, and Latina women experienced an even greater disproportionate risk of sterilization then non-Latinas. In short, Latinas women were at a 59% greater risk of sterilization than non-Latinas. The same finding has been found in other studies with other groups, including Jews and Blacks.A 1918 report published by the state of California found the “ratio of feeble-mindedness was far higher among Mexicans, Negroes, and recent immigrants from Europe than among those of native American stock. The former three groups make up about three-fifths of those tested, but they account for nearly nine-tenths of the feeble-minded and border zone cases.” [v]The conclusion of the Novak and Lira study was “Eugenic sterilization laws were disproportionately applied to Latina/o patients, particularly Latina women and girls.” Furthermore, “Eugenic thinking inscribed “scientific” legitimacy to racial stereotypes of Latinas/os as inferior and unfit to reproduce… ‘hyper fertile,’ inadequate mothers, criminally inclined, and … prone to feeblemindedness.” The latter category “prone to feeblemindedness” was especially problematic because this criteria was so vague that it could include almost anyone.[i] Nicole L. Novak and Professor Natalie Lira. 2018. Forced sterilization programs in California once harmed thousands – particularly Latinas. The Conversation, March 22, 2018.[ii] https://www.uvm.edu/%7Elkaelber/eugenics/[iii] Nancy Gallagher. 1999. Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State. Hanover, VT: University Press of New York State.[iv] Novak, Nicole et al., 2018. Disproportionate Sterilization of Latinos Under California’s Eugenic Sterilization Program, 1920-1945. American Journal of Public Health. March 22. E1-E3.[v] Surveys in Mental Deviation in Prisons, Public Schools, and Orphanages in California. Sacramento: California State Printing Office. 1918. p. 19. Dr Jerry Bergman, professor, author and speaker, is a frequent contributor to Creation-Evolution Headlines. He is currently a staff scientist at the Institute for Creation Research (ICR). See his Author Profile for his previous articles and more information.Dr Bergman’s book explains the rise of eugenics from Britain to America to Nazi GermanyAttaching the term “scientific” to what is a very subjective judgement occurs not only in these eugenic cases, but in other areas as well, including the issue related to biological origins determined by Darwinism. The eugenics program was a classic case of the powerful domination of the less powerful, exactly like the powerful scientist establishment today dominates the largely powerless creationist and Intelligent Design supporters. The harm of eugenics is covered in more detail in Jerry Bergman’s book The Darwin Effect: Its influence on Nazism, Eugenics, Racism, Communism, Capitalism & Sexism. 2014. Green Forest, AR: Master Books. Available on Amazon, Barnes & Noble and Books a Million.(Visited 471 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
5 October 2005South Africa and Iraq have resolved to increase political and trade relations, especially in the oil sector, and South Africa is seriously considering opening a mission in Baghdad.This emerged following the first South Africa/Iraq meeting between Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad and his Iraqi counterpart, Talib Al-Bayati, at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on Tuesday.Pahad told reporters that the parties discussed broad economic relations, and that the Iraqi delegation had informed them that the Iraqi oil industry had “tremendous” potential for involvement and investment.Iraq has the second-largest oil reserves in the world.Pahad said the relevant departments from both sides would look further into the potential of economic relations between the two countries. The two deputy ministers also discussed the potential of visits between the two countries’ business sectors.“The deputy minister [Al-Bayati] has stressed that there is a lot of potential in Iraq in the post-conflict situation and reconstruction and development process for international partnerships generally and specifically for South Africa,” Pahad said.Economic trade between South Africa and Iraq increased from over R90-million in 2004 to over R200-million during the first five months of 2005.“There are a lot of Iraqi business people based in [neighbouring] Dubai, Jordan and Kuwait, and we think that can become the starting point between the business sector and parastatals,” Pahad said.He added that he had received a “thorough” briefing Al-Bayati on the constitutional process unfolding in Iraq, including the referendum on the draft constitution that is scheduled for later in October, to be followed by elections in December.“[The Iraqi] government is confident that there will be a very successful turnout and that a political process is on the roll,” Pahad said. “We also received a briefing on the security situation there.”He said the South African government had always believed that Iraq was “very strategically placed” and that when peace finally came it would be a major player in the Middle East region.The South African delegation to the meeting briefed the Iraqi delegation on developments in the country and the continent, as well as South Africa’s interest in increasing economic relations in the Middle East region.Al-Bayati said Iraq viewed South Africa – the only African country in which Iraq has an embassy – as important, and that it envisaged strengthening existing political and economic relations with SA.“There is a lot of potential resources in Iraq such as oil, gas and minerals,” Al-Bayati said. “Iraq needs oil for reconstruction, and we need all kind of help from friendly countries, and South Africa can do a lot to help the Iraqi people and government.”On security issues, Al-Bayati said Iraq was up against groups like the Al-Qaeda that did not believe in democracy and attacked women and children.“They consider everybody who takes part in elections, referendums or democratic processes as infidels who deserve to be killed. Car bombs are targeting innocent civilians and it is our responsibility to protect our people and maintaining security.“We had a vacuum of power because of the collapse of the [Saddam Hussein] regime and the dismissal of the army and police force, but now we are in the process of rebuilding our army, police force and security organisations,” he said.He added that when the elected Iraqi government took over the running of the country, its security forces would be capable of maintaining security, and would discuss taking over from the multinational force deployed there.“We will keep them for as long as they are needed and they will not be kept [in Iraq] longer than they are needed,” he explained.Source: BuaNews
4 March 2016The first global forum for science on African soil will take place in Dakar, Senegal, from 8 to 10 March 2016, and the Next Einstein Forum (NEF) has launched a global call for support for Africa’s scientific and technological emergence.Its video asks the question: “Can the next Einstein come from Africa?”. It calls on game changers from Africa and around the world to support Africa’s scientific renaissance.Watch the video “Can the next Einstein come from Africa?”:The Next Einstein Forum Global Gathering 2016, the African global science and technology forum, is convened by the NEF, a global platform that brings together leaders in industry, policy, science, and technology. The first edition of this biennial event will set the stage for a conversation on transforming Africa and the world through a renewed and increased focus on science, technology and innovation.Scientific talentThe NEF is an initiative of the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS) in partnership with the Robert Bosch Stiftung.“At more than 700 participants from 80 countries already registered, 52% of them young people and 40% women, we are expecting a truly global forum that discusses opportunities, innovations, and solutions,” said Thierry Zomahoun, the NEF chair and president and chief executive of AIMS.“The NEF Global Gathering will unveil Africa’s global contributions to science and technology and as the forum opens on International Women’s Day, we will specifically acknowledge the contributions and address the challenges faced by female scientists.”The NEF Global Gathering 2016 will showcase the innovations and contributions of the NEF’s 15 Fellows – some of Africa’s brightest young scientists who are on the frontline of Africa’s science renaissance. Flying under the radar, these scientists have been tackling some the continent’s most urgent technological and development challenges – from big data and cybersecurity to hypertension, heart disease, immunology and public health.“A great idea can come from anywhere in the world, and there is no doubt that new and novel scientific ideas to solve global health challenges will come from Africa,” said Seema Kumar, the vice-president of innovation, global health and science policy at Johnson & Johnson and a member of the NEF International Steering Committee. Johnson & Johnson is sponsor of the gathering.“The scientific talent in Africa is outstanding with the potential to produce the next Einstein, Pasteur or Madame Curie. The world needs the best science from across the globe to solve the medical challenges of our lifetime like HIV, TB, and other infectious diseases like Ebola and Zika virus, and non-communicable diseases like hypertension and diabetes.”Continent-wide initiativesIn addition, for the first time in history, all 54 African countries will come together to talk science and technology, each represented by NEF ambassadors who will work to raise awareness about science and technology in their countries.With a programme that focuses on advances in basic and applied science and technology as well as an innovation pitching competition, a presidential panel with President Macky Sall of Senegal and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and sessions with ground-breaking scientists and inventors, the NEF Global Gathering 2016 will be live-streamed to a global audience through the Next Einstein Forum.Supporters of science, innovation and technology as drivers of growth in Africa can join the NEF movement by pledging their signature at I Am Einstein.Source: APO-Africa Newsroom
The Hirakud dam authorities opened as many as 25 gates of the reservoir on Tuesday evening due to heavy rain in the upper catchment area of the Mahanadi river and release of water from certain projects in neighbouring Chhattisgarh. This may create a flood-like situation in as many as 11 districts under the Mahanadi river system over the next two days.According to State Special Relief Commissioner Bishnupada Sethi, release of water at the Munduli barrage near Bhubaneswar was likely to cross 8,00,000 cusecs-mark by Wednesday evening.Mr. Sethi told presspersons that the District Collectors and the Water Resources Department have been asked to draw up emergency plans. Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) teams have also been put on alert.The districts that have been issued flood alerts are Sambalpur, Subarnapur, Boudh, Nayagarh, Angul, Cuttack, Puri, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda and Jajpur.
GJ Ylagan. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netPerpetual pulled off a great escape, fending off San Sebastian’s late rally to come away with a tight 68-65 victory on Tuesday in the NCAA Season 93 men’s basketball tournament at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.GJ Ylagan drained four pressure-packed free throws in the last 14.6 to finish with a team-best 15 points, alongside three rebounds, two assists, a steal, and a block.ADVERTISEMENT “I knew I needed to make it because if I miss, we might still lose the game. And I didn’t want to lose,” the senior forward said in Filipino.But Ylagan’s biggest moment came with time winding down as he blocked Allyn Bulanadi’s potential game-tying trey, preserving the Altas’ second straight conquest to level their record to 2-2.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsPrince Eze notched a double-double with his 12 markers and 13 boards, while AJ Coronel got 10 points and four assists in the win.“It feels great because it’s so hard to win. We worked hard for this,” said Ylagan. FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ LATEST STORIES Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games Perpetual almost lost grip of the game, squandering an eight-point lead, 57-49, midway in the payoff period as Michael Calisaan towed San Sebastian back in the game.The Golden Stags kept on fighting, with the lead being trimmed down to one, 66-65, with a Bulanadi three with 8.8 ticks remaining, before Ylagan canned the insurance freebies to ice the victory.Calisaan carried the load for San Sebastian (1-3) with 14 points and eight rebounds, while Ryan Costelo had 13 markers, four assists, and three boards.Bulanadi wound up with 12 points and seven rebounds as the Golden Stags absorbed their third straight defeat.The Scores:ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Strong final surge carries CEU to D-League quarters Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet PERPETUAL 68 – Ylagan 15, Eze 12, Coronel 10, Yuhico 9, Pido 6, Dagangon 6, Singontiko 5, Sadiwa 3, Lucente 2, Tamayo 0, Mangalino 0.SAN SEBASTIAN 65 – Calisaan 14, Costelo 13, Bulanadi 12, Ilagan 8, Gayosa 7, David 7, Mercado 3, Navarro 1, Baetiong 0, Baytan 0, Valdez 0, Are 0, Calma 0, Quipse 0.Quarters: 13-14, 30-22, 49-44, 68-65. Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ MOST READ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo View comments