The works of the Dutch poet and mystic Hadewijch inspired Saint Mary’s women to deeply analyze thirteenth century spiritual life Tuesday night. Professor Amy Hollywood of the Harvard Divinity School explored the work of Hadewijch in the lecture “Love Abyss: Hadewijch’s Infinite Desire” in the Stapleton Lounge. She said it is crucial to understand the time period the mystic lived in to understand the poet’s work. “To understand Hadewijch, one must understand the context in which her work was created,” Hollywood said. Hadewijch’s work was sparked by the practices of the beguines in the thirteenth century, groups of women that were semi-religious, but not bound by taking formal vows, Hollywood said. “These women often worked in the cloth industry, took care of the sick or were school teachers,” she said. “They were spiritual women, but since they were not bound by vows there was more permeability between the beguines and the outside world. This is what sparked a movement.” Hollywood said this progress includes the many letters, poems and the manuscript of Hadewijch. Today, the work of Hadewijch is studied and translated into many languages, but Hollywood said experts are still trying to fully understand the poet. “We really do not truly know anything,” Hollywood said. “All we have are these texts and poems. We do not even know if there is a Hadewijch, but we assume there was based on bodies of text with her name.” Hollywood said communal prayer, manual labor and private reading and devotion were the main components in Hadewijch’s texts where she described her divine episodes. “For Hadewijch, communal prayer is a necessary pre-condition for anything to do with the divine,” Hollywood said. “This especially includes psalms.” Hollywood said Hadewijch often referred to the word love as meaning God, and believed love was God’s act. Hollywood said it is through this understanding of love that Hadewijch described her divine mystical experiences. “Hadewijch had intense personal devotion and this allowed for spontaneous mystical ways in which the divine can be encountered,” she said. Hollywood said it is important to study the intense practices of spirituality of the past in order to bring the same passion intomodern times. “For Hadewijch and other women in the thirteenth century, there was an understanding of their own intense amount of labor for being a Christian,” Hollywood said. “By reading material from the past we see this intensity and the vitality it had within Christianity at the time. When we see this intensity we must recognize it and think about it.”
Washington D.C. — Sales of JUUL, an e-cigarette shaped like a USB flash drive, grew more than seven-fold from 2016 to 2017, and held the greatest share of the U.S. e-cigarette market by December 2017. The findings, from an analysis of retail sales data from 2013-2017, were released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in JAMA.Use of JUUL by youth in schools, including in classrooms and bathrooms, has been widely reported. Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, and JUUL contains among the highest nicotine content of any e-cigarette on the U.S. market. Nicotine is highly addictive and can harm a child’s brain development, which continues into the mid-20s.“The popularity of JUUL among kids threatens our progress in reducing youth e-cigarette use,” said Robert Redfield, M.D., director of CDC. “We are alarmed that these new high nicotine content e-cigarettes, marketed and sold in kid-friendly flavors, are so appealing to our nation’s young people.”Rapid evolution of e-cigarette marketNo single e-cigarette manufacturer dominated the US market through 2013. However, sales of British American Tobacco e-cigarette devices surged 146% during 2014 and led the market well into 2017. During 2016-2017, JUUL Labs’ sales increased 641 percent — from 2.2 million devices sold in 2016 to 16.2 million devices sold in 2017. By December of 2017, JUUL Labs’ sales comprised nearly 1 in 3 e-cigarette sales nationally, giving it the largest market share in the United States.Like other e-cigarettes, JUUL is a battery-powered device that heats a nicotine-containing liquid to produce an aerosol that is inhaled. JUUL comes in a variety of flavors, including mango and creme, and also uses nicotine salts, which can allow high levels of nicotine to be inhaled more easily and with less irritation. Other manufacturers have recently started making look-alike e-cigarette products.The CDC study included purchases from most US retail stores. It did not include sales through the Internet or through “vape shops,” so sales may be underestimated. Many of the sales likely reflect products obtained directly or indirectly by youth. A recent analysis found that 74 percent of youth who used JUUL reported obtaining the device from a physical retail store, and about half reported obtaining the device from a social source such as a friend or family member.The use of e-cigarettes is unsafe for children, teens, and young adultsThe U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that e-cigarette use among youth and young adults is a public health concern, and that e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless. Over the past several months, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has taken a series of actions as part of its Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan to more immediately target the illegal sales of e-cigarettes to youth, as well as youth-oriented marketing and appeal of these products.In September 2018, FDA announced the issuance of more than 1,300 warning letters and civil money penalty complaints to retailers who illegally sold JUUL and other e-cigarette products to minors. The FDA has also requested information from JUUL, and several other manufacturers, related to marketing, youth appeal and product design, including details on the companies’ plans to address the problem of youth use of their products.“There are no redeeming benefits of e-cigarettes for young people,” said Corinne Graffunder, DrPH, director of CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. “The use of certain USB-shaped e-cigarettes is especially dangerous among youth because these products contain extremely high levels of nicotine, which can harm the developing adolescent brain.”
Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___The French government has maintained a maximum capacity of 5,000 fans in stadiums until the end of August amid the coronavirus pandemic. July 28, 2020 French sports minister Roxana Maracineanu says the decision was taken because France has seen an increase in coronavirus cases recently.But Maracineanu adds that local officials will have the authority to increase the capacity at some events from Aug. 15 if they can obtain special dispensation and observe strict health and safety protocol.Only 2,805 fans attended the French Cup final between Paris Saint-Germain and Saint-Etienne last Friday but the number was low because Saint-Etienne fans did not use their allocation of 900 seats at Stade de France.PSG faces Lyon in the League Cup final at the same stadium on Friday.___ The Latest: French govt maintains 5,000 capacity in stadiums More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports
Correction: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that Dr. Robert Gallo, the researcher who originally discovered HIV, was invited to speak at the event. The speaker was Dr. Michael Gottlieb. As part of World AIDS day today, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, acquired last year by USC, is launching a campaign to encourage people who have lost loved ones to AIDS to come forward and give testimonies as well as donate victims’ personal records, including diaries and medical histories.ONE National Archives is the oldest LGBT organization in the United States and has the largest repository of LGBT material in the world. USC Libraries acquired the organization’s archives last year and has maintained them since.Christopher Freeman, a professor of English and gender studies and a member of the board of ONE National Inc., said the campaign aims to make its archives more personal.“The archives are the most detailed source of information on the history and cultural evolution of homosexuality in the United States,” Freeman said. “But they lacked the personal stories of members of the community who suffered and died because of AIDS, as well as the stories of their loved ones who survived them.”The campaign kickoff event, which will be held at the ONE National Inc. office on Adams Boulevard and Portland Street today, will feature testimonies and talks from long-term survivors, activists, writers and physicians. Dr. Michael Gottlieb, who made the first diagnosis of AIDS in June 1981 at UCLA, will also speak at the event.“The event will be an opportunity for the people who got left behind to remember the victims and perpetuate their stories,” Freeman said.In addition to ONE National’s archive, USC Libraries houses a varied collection of other historic documents and archives readily available to students and faculty.One of the largest digitalized collections is the Regional History Collection, a collection of historic newspapers, the oldest of which is an 1808 edition of the Columbia Centinel, a Boston newspaper. The USC Digital Library also includes a collection of digitized photos published in the historical Los Angeles Examiner newspaper from 1920-1961.“This collection is of tremendous research value across many disciplines,” said Hugh McHarg, USC Libraries associate dean for planning and communications. “The Examiner collection, accessible globally through the Digital Library, provides invaluable perspectives on Los Angeles politics, culture, crime and entertainment from that era.”USC Libraries has an original copy of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican-American War and established the boundaries between Mexico and California. The USC Shoah Foundation Institute Visual History Archive also contains nearly 52,000 videotaped interviews with witnesses to the Holocaust that were gathered by the Shoah Foundation between 1994 and 2005.Claude Zachary, the university archivist and manuscripts librarian, said students from a variety of departments use these collections.“We get a lot of students from history, policy, planning and development, fine arts and many other departments,” Zachary said. “We provide access through a reading room in our Special Collections department in Doheny Library.”Elise Tasooji, a senior majoring in communication, recently used the archives for a class project and said she was very impressed by their detail and depth.“I was working on a movie about the Los Angeles freeway system and needed photos for the historical aspect of the film,” Tasooji said. “The Dick Whittington collection had a large number of aerial photos of the freeways as well as photos of their early construction.”Tasooji also said the libraries’ staff members were very helpful and prompt when she contacted them.“I emailed the curator of the archives describing my project and she got back to me with a list of archive material that she thought would be relevant to the movie and I just picked out what I wanted,” Tasooji said.