We already know Venus is hot from its suffocatingly dense atmosphere, but additional heat could be coming from underground. Results from the European Space Agency’s Venus Express orbiter suggest that volcanoes have erupted any time between now and 2.5 million years ago, a “geologically recent” time compared to the assumed age of the planet (4.5 billion years). The evidence consists of compositional differences on three lava flows that suggest they have not been exposed to weathering as long as others. PhysOrg and Space.com are among the news outlets reporting the findings. All are mentioning the old conundrum about Venus’s young-looking surface. “The geological history of Venus has long been a mystery,” Sue Smrekar at JPL remarked. That’s because the paucity of large craters, and their apparent closeness in age, suggests that the whole planet was resurfaced relatively recently in the last 10% of its history. That scenario was challenged this month in a paper in Geology, however.1 Hansen and Lopez believe that a rich and complex history is revealed in features named ribbon tesserae terrain (RTT). They believe the RTT are old and predate the global resurfacing (see summary on this GSA press release). Since this idea runs contrary to what other geoscientists have been claiming about Venus since the days of the Magellan mission (1990-1993), we will have to wait and see whether their claim can withstand critical analysis. On first glance it appears to be vulnerable to charges of special pleading that the oldest terrain somehow escaped catastrophic processes that admittedly smothered at least 80% of the surface. The authors argue that the RTT formed during a distinct ancient epoch on Venus but that individual units, some covering millions of square kilometers, display temporal evolution that “records a rich and prolonged history that awaits discovery.”1. Hansen and Lopez, “Venus records a rich early history,” Geology, April 2010; v. 38; no. 4; p. 311-314; DOI: 10.1130/G30587.1.There are numerous problems with standard explanations of Venus, and these add to the problems. The fact that our “sister planet” is so different from Earth is the main one. No plate tectonics, an extremely slow spin, a choking poisonous atmosphere, no large moon – the list was aggravated when Magellan led scientists to conclude that 90% of the planet’s history had been erased. Hansen and Lopez are trying to rescue some of that history, but still need to explain what kind of mechanism would smother 80% of a globe the size of earth in what looks like a single event so late in its history. Imagine something like that happening on Earth. The energy required to support that kind of catastrophe is phenomenal. Why did it slow down to a near stop, such that evidence for continuing activity has been difficult to detect? For a planet smothered in lava it would be surprising not to find activity going on now. Whatever the history, it is anything but uniformitarian. There are many questions that deserve a fresh look by clear-thinking scientists not beholden to the moyboy* club.*(millions of years, billions of years).(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Scientists could do themselves a favor by getting off the materialist merry-go-round and contemplating their Creator’s purpose for their lives.Numerous articles in the past decade have bemoaned the worrisome increases in scientific fraud, malpractice, and sloppiness (e.g., 23 Sept 2017). Is there a fountainhead of integrity that can help? Can secular scientists get it from Darwinian theory? (12 March 2009).Religiously engaged adolescents demonstrate habits that help them get better grades, Stanford scholar finds (Stanford News). Stanford University researchers, not particularly friendly to “religious” outlooks, found some desirable traits in “religiously engaged adolescents.” These are students that not only believe in God, but consider their faith a key factor in their lives. Carrie Spector writes,The findings indicate that religious communities socialize adolescents to cultivate two habits highly valued in public schools: conscientiousness and cooperation. Religious engagement may influence grades more than researchers realize.“The United States is a highly religious country, and religion is a powerful social force,” said the study’s author, Ilana Horwitz, a doctoral candidate at the GSE. “If we, as education scholars, are trying to understand adolescents in America, we should pay attention to this very important part of their life.”One must realize that secular researchers often lump many disparate groups into the word “religious” even though the differences may be far more profound than the similarities. Students being trained to hate Jews and become soldiers in violent jihad at a madrassah may have vastly different values than Christians. “Religiosity” becomes a vacuous designation when the content of belief is ignored. Indeed, it could be argued that secularists are ‘religious’ in terms of having reliance on a worldview that determines their reason for being and attitudes about life. In fact, everyone exercises faith (search on “people of faith” in the Darwin Dictionary).With the researchers’ nondescript word “religious” in mind, it’s instructive that they used a term Jesus Christ used for those who are ‘religiously engaged’ — abiders. Jesus instructed his disciples to “abide” in him like a branch connects to a vine (John 15): drawing its nutrition and life from the source. Only in this way can a branch fulfill its purpose to bear much fruit. Can we read between the lines of the report to see that the researchers are primarily considering abiders in the Judeo-Christian forms of faith – i.e., those who get their values from the Bible?Horwitz assigned each respondent to one of five common “types” of religiosity using a classification system developed by sociologists Melinda Lundquist Denton and Lisa Pearce. At one end of the spectrum were abiders— those who attend religious services, pray on a regular basis, feel close to God, and emphasize the role of faith in their daily lives. On the other end of the spectrum were avoiders— those believe that a God exists but avoid religious involvement and broader issues of the relevance of religion for their life.Abiders, Horwitz found, earned significantly better grades on average than the avoiders. Abiders had an average GPA of 3.22, compared with 2.93 among avoiders.“Being religious helps adolescents in middle and high school because they are rewarded for being obedient and respectful and for having self-control,” Horwitz said.If these positive behaviors carry on to other spheres of life, it’s clear that scientific institutions would benefit from members who show respect, self-control, diligent study, cooperation, and conscientiousness. Are scientists not students themselves, needing to call on these values to understand nature and get better grades on the test of reproducibility?Promiscuous America—smart, secular and somewhat less happy (Medical Xpress). For contrast, let’s examine the kind of people lacking those qualities. It takes no self-control to be promiscuous, and little respect, although non-violent “cooperation” might be a requirement. But even criminals know how to cooperate, as the phrase “partners in crime” indicates. This article says that young men are currently engaging in less sex outside marriage than before (the old word was “fornication”), while women are becoming more “adventurous.” But adventurism outside the purpose of sex in family life is not making them happy. Results from a survey of 30,000 respondents indicated that “younger Americans are having sex with fewer people than their boomer or gen X elders.”Promiscuous America is urban, adulterous, secular, politically progressive and more educated, Wolfinger found. Indeed, Americans with postgraduate degrees are the most likely to be promiscuous.He also found that the most promiscuous people report being less happy, which he attributes to marital status. Promiscuous survey respondents are less likely to be married and more likely to be divorced.…“The happiness story changes when promiscuous Americans get married,” Wolfinger said.Are evolutionary scientists among the unhappy fornicators? There are no statistics about that in the article. However, it seems likely, given liberal attitudes about family values (e.g., 24 March 2018), that those who embrace Darwinian evolution would also tend to be “urban, adulterous, secular, politically progressive and more educated.” Being more educated is not necessarily virtuous. It depends on the content of the education. “Mere education is not enough,” old preacher and college president Bob Jones (1883-1968) used to say. “You cannot put a man in the penitentiary for forgery until you first teach him to write.” The film A Beautiful Mind showed John Forbes Nash as a grad student treating sex with a cheapness that bordered on contempt. He dispensed with any attempt to woo a woman on campus, telling her outright he wanted to have sex with her. Why was she shocked? Would that attitude not be a logical outcome of an evolutionary worldview that views humans as evolved primates with no obligation to a Creator, out to fulfill their urges? His only happiness, as portrayed in the film, came when he conjured up as much self-control as he could. That seems a very anti-Darwinian strategy.The Source of VirtueSix-year-olds can cooperate to protect common assets (Nature). Evolutionists have to believe that all the virtues listed above among the “abiders” have their roots in natural selection. They certainly ascribe “cooperation” in animals as small as bacteria to unguided Darwinian processes. Christians and Jews, by contrast, believe all humans have a conscience and are created in the image of God, even if that image was corrupted by sin. This article shows that primary children are observed to solve the puzzle of the “tragedy of the commons” by learning to work together. Which view of human nature explains this? Why would the material “selfish genes” of Darwinist Richard Dawkins make children cooperate? Evolutionists can explain such behaviors after the fact, but not from their foundational belief that selfishness is the highest good.Secular scientists can’t cook up their own self-control, diligence, cooperation, conscientiousness or integrity. They have to borrow those goods from the Christian smorgasbord. Tell them they can’t get away with that any longer without paying the price. “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many,” Jesus warned. “For the gate is narrow and the way is hard that leads to life, and those who find it are few” (Matthew 7:13-14).(Visited 268 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Young people and children are undoubtedly amongst the most fragile and vulnerable members of South African society and without help, those left destitute by poverty, orphaned by disease and violence, and victims of abuse, cannot fend for themselves.There are many children’s shelters and orphanages across the country giving these children homes filled with love and compassion, but they need financial support to continue their work.The organisation is driven by a firm belief in young people’s potential and the huge role they are destined to play in shaping the country’s futureChubby Chums, a child protection organisation, aims to assist children’s shelters to provide continuous care through funds and support.Founded in 1999 by Martin Barnard and Tony Graham, the organisation has grown to incorporate 30 children’s homes across the country.The organisation is driven by a firm belief in young people’s potential and the huge role they are destined to play in shaping the country’s future.“I feel ecstatic to know that we’ve made some contribution in the children’s lives . . .” says Barnard, “. . . and knowing that we can be there for the children when they need someone“Chubby Chums is about breaking the circle of violence, of abuse, neglect and exploitation that children often get caught up in. Child protection is everyone’s business. Government cannot do this on their own, they need all the stakeholders they can get,” he adds.After a visit to one of the homes receiving Cubby Chums’s support, an organisation sponsor who prefers to remain anonymous said; “Whilst talking with the older children, although they were happy too, I noticed that behind many of those faces lay stories of pain that none of us could ever imagine.“Chubby Chums have done so much to help these children, not only by getting donations, but also by including these children and homes in their own lives.”THE CHUMS’S CHILDREN’S HOMESThe Tembisa Home & Daycare Centre, in Kempton Park, Gauteng, is one of the 30 Chubby Chums affiliates; staff members care for some 120 children who have HIV or Aids, aged between three months and seven years. Poverty in the area is increasing the number of vulnerable children.Apart from feeding, clothing and seeing that the children’s everyday needs are taken care of, Chubby Chums, together with a local church, has built a crèche for the children at the home and in the community.Vuyani Safe Haven, in Graaff Reinet in Eastern Cape Province, joined the Chubby Chums collective in August 2004 when Barnard visited the centre.Chubby Chums, a child protection organisation, aims to assist children’s shelters to provide continuous care through funds and supportSince his visit Vuyani, with help from Chubby Chums, has put together a number of social development programmes; it has introduced gumboot dancing to entertain tourists and sells beadwork to sustain the centre.The haven intends to open a new hospice unit and a baby sanctuary but needs help buying safer metal cots as wooden cots pose health and safety risks; bacteria breed in cracks and splinters develop as the wood wears down.The metal cots, manufactured in Tshwane, Gauteng, cost R3 604 each.To donate towards buying the cots or to find out more about the organisation, visit its website, or call (011) 825 7773.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Two weeks ago Wednesday we got 85 acres of beans in. They are not sprayed yet but they are in. The weekend of May 18 we were able to pick away a little on some dry corn fields and we got maybe 60 acres of corn in but that’s about it. We got another 1.1 inches on that next Tuesday into Wednesday. It has been cool but now they are talking about 80 degrees for the next few days. I just checked the ground temperature and it was 60. There is a chance of rain in the next few days then more rain after that. It depends on how much we get if we can keep going or not. It seems like there are pockets where some guys have quite a bit done and there are some places where they haven’t even gotten started. The wheat looks pretty good. It is heading out. The cool, wet temperatures have kept it going. We usually don’t spray fungicide on the wheat but there are a few guys starting to spray. This week a lot of guys laid down their first cutting triticale and it got rained on. They are going to try to get it chopped before it rains again. I don’t think there has been any attempt at dry hay around here. The triticale has been short this year. I talked to a lot of guys and they haven’t gotten the tonnage out of it that they wanted to get. The grass hay is finally growing now that it has gotten warmer but up until now it hasn’t grown like we thought it would. It hasn’t warmed up enough for it to really take off. I don’t know if we have had any days in the 80s yet, maybe one or two. We had a few days last week that were pretty warm during the day and then in the 60s at night, but today might be the first day in the 80s we’ve had. We plant quite a bit around Memorial Day and the week after but if we get washed out again we’ll be getting behind. We are going to mow some triticale down today and then once the dew dries we’ll try to put some more corn in.
Latching onto the clampdown imposed in Kashmir after the abrogation of Article 370, MNS chief Raj Thackeray on Friday claimed that Maharashtra might similarly be divided using force. Mr. Thackeray’s statement comes days after he welcomed the scrapping of the special provisions of Article 370 and called it as an “exceptional decision”.Addressing party workers here, he said, “In Kashmir, Army and police personnel are deployed outside the residences of the people. Internet, cell phone, television services there stand snapped…everything is closed down there. Today it’s Kashmir, tomorrow it might be Vidarbha, maybe Mumbai a day later.” “Tomorrow, those holding sten guns may stand outside your homes. Maharashtra will be divided forcibly, without thinking about you,” he said.