Claire Dowling was one of the best golfers of her generation, who won five Irish championships, a British title and was selected for four Curtis Cup teams. Now she’s at the forefront again, this time in the world of rules and refereeing. She’s Deputy Chair of The R&A Rules Committee and has been closely involved with the creation of the new rules which come into force next year. She’s also just refereed at The Open and is on duty again this week at the Ricoh Women’s British Open. Here’s her story.How did you get started?My father ran the John Jacobs Golf Centre at Leopardstown, Dublin. It was really a case of ‘if you can’t beat them, join them’. He was a very keen golfer, still playing off 12 at the age of 80. My mother worked with him and so, as an only child, I found myself spending every weekend at the golf centre doing odd jobs. Every now and again, out of complete boredom, I would pick up a club and a basket of balls and take myself off to hit them. I was anything but sporty and would far rather have had my head stuck in a book.I developed a sudden rush of enthusiasm for golf when this lovely looking chap started to practice at the golf centre, he was gorgeous. He was a keen golfer and practiced a lot so every time he appeared I would ‘casually’ go out to practice too! Sadly he was about ten years older than me, a lot when one is a young teenager, and he had a very glamorous girl-friend, but I hit a lot of golf balls that winter. We became and remained good friends until his untimely death aged 62.What do you love about golf?Tough question. It’s great fun at any level, and for those who are very competitive it is a great test of mental strength as well as skill. It is one of the few sports where players of any age and ability can play together and still have a reasonable game, because of the handicap system. I have been incredibly lucky to have played when I did, I travelled the world and made lots of friends, and in fact I still do, though through my rules involvement, rather than playing.How did your interest in the rules develop? Was it a natural progression from your playing days?Not really. When living in the Midlands I became involved in handicapping at my club and within the county due to the fact that I had worked at Wentworth as Competition and Handicap Administrator. In 2009 I was invited on to the EWGA (English Women’s Golf Association) Handicap Committee and when the committee needed another rules qualified person, I was sent to the R&A’s Referees and Rules School at St Andrews. A brilliant few days but a very daunting exam! My very first event as a rules official was the English Women’s Championship at Broadstone in 2010.What’s the appeal of the rules and refereeing?Like any volunteering in sport, you meet interesting people and make friends, you stay involved in the game, you see great golf, and occasionally you can help someone. Both Peter, my husband, and myself love doing junior events where you feel you really can help the youngsters, as opposed to senior events where the only thing we seem to do is try and deal with pace of play. It is also a mental challenge.Best refereeing moment?It wasn’t really a refereeing moment as such, but I did find it highly amusing when Simon Khan asked me if I carried a mirror while I was refereeing his game at the Open in 2011. He was having a problem with his contact lens.Worst refereeing moment?Making a mistake and getting it wrong! Happens to all of us because the rules are not simple. However we can still get the simple ones wrong! The first ruling I ever gave was relief for a ball on a sprinkler head beside a green. I made the player drop at the nearest point of relief and didn’t give her the extra club length because I got mixed up between Rule 24-2 (interference) and the local rule for intervention within two club lengths of a putting green. Fortunately it didn’t have any adverse effect as she was dropping just off the green and was able to putt. The extra club length would have made little or no difference to her line or lie.Over-riding memory of refereeing at The Open?Being so petrified on the first tee at Royal St George’s in 2011 I was incapable of speech. Once over that it is the most amazing experience walking down the fairways with the very best players in the world. Hearing the roars from the stands while walking up the 18th is quite extraordinary.Who did you referee at Carnoustie?I had an amazing week at the Open and refereed Ernie Els on Thursday, Sandy Lyle and Martin Kaymer on Friday, Rory McIlroy on Saturday and Adam Scott on Sunday. It was a nice connection having Ernie as I had refereed his nephew, Jovan Rebula, in the final of the Amateur Championship three weeks previously (Jovan became the first South African to win the title). Such a nice lad and a swing to die for. Sandy’s round was especially memorable because it was his last in the Open.What do you enjoy about refereeing at The Ricoh?Well, similarly to the Open it is marvellous to see the best players in the world close up. Women golfers now are true athletes; they are fit and strong and hit the ball superbly. I am hoping though for a better pace of play than last year. I think it is high time the women realised what a detrimental effect their slow play has on the image of the game, and that it makes very boring viewing for the paying public. Why do they take so long on the greens!!What does your role involve on the Rules Committee?The R&A Rules Committee is a large one due to the fact that there are representatives from various parts of the world: Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Asia Pacific, Canada, Europe, Japan. Also representatives from CONGU, the LET and the PGA European Tour.Our role has been primarily to review the various drafts of the new rules and to consider any issues that occur. A small group in collaboration with the USGA is responsible for drafting the rules which has been a huge job. It is a really interesting time to be on the Rules Committee. Every member of the Committee serves four years. The Chairman comes in as Chairman, and one member of the Committee is invited to be his Deputy and to support him. The Chairman, Deputy Chair, and a third member of the committee sit on a joint Rules Committee with the USGA. I was very surprised to be invited to be Deputy, and I had my first trip to the States in March, to Atlanta, as part of the JRC.What’s been your involvement in the creation of the new rules of golf?I was invited, along with another member of the committee, Roger Bathurst, to be part of a small working group dealing with the Decisions Book. First we mapped the current Decisions to the new rules, and in the process identified those Decisions that would no longer be needed because (a) they had been incorporated into the rules themselves, (b) the rules had changed or (c) the outcome would be different under the new rules. Following that the same group reviewed the drafts of the new publication which will not be called a Decisions Book but will be a new publication including the Rules, Interpretations on the Rules, draft Local Rules and Committee Procedures. It will be a one-stop shop for all committees, rules officials and competition administrators.What’s the best change in your opinion?I couldn’t pick any one rule change as being the best. However the entire process of making the rule book easier to read, in more modern language, and the rules generally simpler is great. Many outcomes will be fairer and more logical under the new rules. Also there is much greater consistency in terms of relief procedures. For example a player will be able to lift or move a loose impediment such as a leaf or twig anywhere on the golf course as long as they don’t move the ball. Many players have fallen foul of the current rule where they cannot touch or move a loose impediment in a bunker or water hazard. It can be a really harsh penalty particularly if it hasn’t improved the situation in the least for the shot they are about to play.I remember many years ago a player in the Irish Ladies’ Championship played a shot from a dry water hazard. As she walked in a small stone lodged in the sole of her shoe, so she casually picked it out and threw it away. She finished the round, signed her card and handed it in. Later someone commented on her action with the stone and it was decided that she had incurred a two stroke penalty for deliberately touching and moving it. She hadn’t realised this at the time and had therefore signed for a wrong score and was disqualified from the championship. Now that was really tough! Currently she wouldn’t be disqualified, that has already changed, but she would have the penalty added to her score. Next year there will be no penalty in such circumstances.Relief procedures will be more consistent and easier for players to understand. At present when a player is entitled to relief without penalty there are some situations when the ball must be dropped as close as possible to where it lay, eg embedded ball, or others where it is dropped within one club length of the nearest point of relief. Although this is ‘free relief’ if the player gets it wrong he will have played from a wrong place for which there is a two stroke penalty. Under the new Rules the player will always drop within a ‘relief area’ within one or two club lengths, depending on whether it is free relief or penalty relief.In terms of language too, the players’ edition will be written in the first person, so much more user friendly. A phrase such as, ‘through the green’, which people really struggled to understand, and which was impossible to translate in some languages has been put into simple language and will now be ‘general area’ The rules are translated into something like 35 different languages, so the words used need to be simple and straightforward.Golf seems to open doors! What would you say to encourage other women to play and get involved in volunteering?Primarily it is fun. Golf offers something for everyone. Whether you want to get to the top of the sport and play professionally, or whether you just want to go for a stroll and a bit of exercise and a chat with your best mate over 9 holes. Great thing about golf is that you can walk and talk. The chat only gets interrupted briefly while you hit the ball! Golf clubs are friendly places where you can make lots of new friends. It’s a fun way to get and stay fit and healthy whatever your age.Volunteering is great fun too. Golf relies on volunteers to look after juniors and beginners, to run competitions and social events at clubs, to run county competitions and look after county squads and teams, to act as rules officials, marshals, captains and so much more.My father said to me when I was young that golf would take me all over the world and I thought he was mad. He was absolutely right, and I imagine he is up there having a good laugh at where I am now.This year alone I have been to Atlanta for a JRC meeting, then to Bangkok and Melbourne doing, ‘Teach The Teachers’ rules seminars with the R&A. I am going to Korea in October to referee a women’s professional event, and I have been up to Scotland several times, not to mention all over England. It is fun!Inspired to Get into Golf? Visit www.getintogolf.org to find free or low cost beginner activities. 5 Aug 2018 Women and Girls’ Golf Week: Claire Dowling, a referee at the Ricoh Women’s British Open, was a top player and is now at the forefront in the word of golf rules. Here’s her story Tags: Get into golf, Girls, Women
Three homes were targetted in a spate of burglaries in a residential area of Letterkenny last weekend.An investigation is underway into two burglaries and one attempted burglary in the Meadowbank area on Long Lane between Saturday and Sunday last. A Smart TV and nine sweet tubs were reportedly stolen from one home.Gardaí are investigating the possibility that the burglaries occurred consecutively. The first break-in occurred sometime between 10pm on Saturday night (23rd Nov) and 7.50am on Sunday morning (24th Nov).Two front windows were smashed at the Meadowbank home. The house was ransacked but it appears that nothing was taken, a Garda spokesperson said.On the same day, a second house was targetted sometime between 2pm and 10.15pm. The front door was kicked in and the main bedroom was ransacked. A 43 inch LG Smart TV was taken from the house, along with nine sweet tubs.A third home was also damaged in the area, where it appears that attempts were made to kick in the front door. However, the suspects didn’t manage to gain entry, while gardaí say they may have been disturbed or were unable to break the door in. Gardaí are urging the public to report any suspicious activity in the area over last Saturday or Sunday. Anyone with information that may help is asked to contact Letterkenny Garda Station on 0749167100 or the Garda Confidential Line on 1800666111.TV and sweet tubs stolen in spate of Letterkenny burglaries was last modified: November 28th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
SAN FRANCISCO — When Mauricio Dubón left Honduras as a 15-year-old teenager, he brought a love of baseball and a dream of one day playing in the major leagues.Ten years later, Dubón’s love for the game is stronger than ever. His dream has been realized and now, the rest is what he makes of it.If Thursday’s performance is any indication of what’s to come, Dubón is going to make more than just memories. In the midst of dark night for the Giants (65-68) in a 5-3 loss to the Padres, Dubón was an …
In the few days since Nelson Mandela died, emotional video tributes to the man – from global leaders such as Barack Obama to activists like Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi, major media organisations such as the Guardian and New York Times, and very ordinary people – have flooded the internet. We bring you a selection.The Guardian – 9 December 2013The UK newspaper brings together tributes and condolences, framed with rare historical footage, from South African President Jacob Zuma, UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon, US secretary of state John Kerry, US President Barack Obama, UK prime minister David Cameron, Archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu, Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi – and ordinary people on the street.Amnesty International – 5 December 2013“Mandela, a human rights legend.” Amnesty International, the independent global human rights watchdog, documents activists across the world explaining their understanding of Nelson Mandela’s gift to the world: a march towards freedom, human dignity, compassion and forgiveness.US President Barack Obama – 5 December 2013Speaking on the day Mandela died – the news came through just as the US was waking up – Barack Obama said Nelson Mandela’s journey from a prisoner to president embodied the promise that human beings, and countries, can change for the better. He asked that the world give thanks for the fact that Mandela lived – a man who took history in his hands and bent the arc of the moral universe toward justice.The Elders – 6 December 2013The Elders are a group of retired and independent global leaders brought together by Nelson Mandela. In this video released the day after Mandela’s death, former US president Jimmy Carter, South Africa’s Archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu, former Norwegian prime minister Gro Harlem Brundtland, Ireland’s former president Mary Robinson, and Ela Bhatt, founder of the Self-Employed Women’s Association of India, express their often visible sadness at his passing.Former US president Bill Clinton – 6 December 2013“When you were around him, you wanted to be a bigger person. You knew you could be better than you were.” President Bill Clinton shares memories and reflections in his first interview since the death of his close friend.South African rugby Springboks – 6 December 2013A tribute from South African Rugby, showing the massive impact Nelson Mandela had on the world, South Africa – and rugby. “We will always play for you, Madiba.”BBC News – 5 December 2013“His story is one of the most remarkable of any world leader. Few in history have endured oppression with such little rancour, or overcome the oppressor with such little bloodshed.”The New York Times – 5 December 2013“Mandela’s quest for freedom led from the court of tribal royalty to the liberation underground, to a prison rock quarry and, finally, to the presidential suite of Africa’s wealthiest country.”Musician Peter Gabriel – 6 December 2013“To come out of 27 years in jail and immediately set about building a rainbow nation with your sworn enemy is a unique and extraordinary example of courage and forgiveness. Mandela had seen many of his people beaten, imprisoned and murdered, yet he was still willing to trust the humanity and idealism of those who had been the oppressors. There is no other example of such inspirational leadership in my lifetime.”The Guardian – 6 December 2013“For many he was saint-like. But in fact he was a canny politician.” The UK Guardian newspaper’s video obituary, published the day after Mandela died.Two backpacking US tourists – 6 December 2013Caught unawares and “offline”, as they describe it, on the day after Mandela’s death, two young US backpackers on their way to a tour of Robben Island react emotionally to the news. Slideshow image and video courtesy of News 24. READ MORE • Mandela on Media Club South Africa • Nelson Mandela: the world mourns • Nelson Mandela – a timeline • Barack Obama’s tribute to Mandela • Watch: World reacts to Mandela’s death • Infographic: Mandela family tree • Nelson Mandela’s words of wisdom • The women in Madiba’s life • Tutu leads memorial at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory • High-res photos: In 2010, Nelson Mandela wishes World Cup good luck to Bafana Bafana
The master suite and other design challengesThe master suite is upstairs. We wanted to make sure to address the things we didn’t like about our old master suite. Although our previous bedroom had a walk-in closet, it was really too narrow to have clothes hanging along both sides. The new house needed a bigger closet.As the design evolved, sometimes the closet would get even bigger because there was some unused space adjacent to it. If the design evolved in the opposite direction, Julie would protest. It seems you can never make a closet smaller. Our old master bathroom was also just a bit too narrow. Like the closet, the master bathroom seemed to grow as the design evolved. Anyone with aspirations of designing a modest home should avoid watching HGTV (except maybe the show about tiny houses).The hangar and garage presented some unique challenges. Obviously, we need a door on the taxiway side large enough for the airplane and doors on the street side for the cars. We also want to store our motorhome in the hangar. Even existing house designs that have hangars rarely have provisions for RV storage. The motorhome (the rectangle in the image showing the hangar) dictated the height of the hangar. We decided that it was easier to increase the height of the hangar door to get the motorhome in and out than to have a tall enough garage door.The hardest part of designing the house was not making individual regions work out, but making them work together. The roof sections need to come together in a way that is buildable and aesthetically pleasing. Sometimes, the logical places for windows from the interior didn’t look good from the exterior. No design is without compromises, but after many, many iterations, we have a design that we are pleased with. We have good views of the runway from the rooms that we will spend the most time in. We have a large south-facing section of roof that is suitable for solar panels. I doubt if we have thought of everything, but hopefully we have thought of all the important things. Developing floor plansA couple years ago, I purchased Home Designer software and started designing floor plans. Hundreds of versions later, we have a design that we are excited about.Some of the things we want in our house plan will be familiar to most people designing a new house while other needs are specific to our situation. My wife and I intend to live in this house until the kids send us off to assisted living. Those kids are college age now. They will probably live in the house off and on for the next few years. How do we design a house to be suitable for just the two of us and also suitable for a holiday gathering with our kids, their eventual families, our parents, and our siblings?For the main floor, we want a kitchen open to the family room. When we have a family gathering, we don’t want the cooks to be segregated from everyone else. If age or disability eventually prevents one of us from being able to climb stairs, we want to be able to live on just the first floor. So, we put a bedroom, office, and laundry room on the first floor. Although we label the bedroom as a guest bedroom, we provided a closet and bathroom that would make it a suitable master suite. That is not the type of airport I chose to live at. I am a recreational pilot. I fly an airplane that was built in 1948. The way I use my airplane is comparable to the way recreational boaters use their pontoon boats or ski boats. I enjoy flying around the area when the weather is good. I enjoy taking friends and family for rides. My desire to live on an airport is analogous to the desire of recreational boaters to live on a lake.The neighborhood we built in is a called an airpark. Most of the lots have direct taxiway access. All of the houses on those lots have attached hangars. (The home owners association actually requires it.) There are dozens of airparks like this around the country. We were fortunate enough to acquire a lot that has a good view of the runway and excellent southern exposure for solar, as long as we designed the house to take advantage of it. For many years, I have dreamed of living at a general aviation airport. Instead of driving to the airport to go flying, I would just step out the back door. When I am done for the day, I would sit on the back porch and watch takeoffs and landings. Well, it now seems to be happening. Our old house has been sold and we have moved to an apartment. We purchased a lot on the airport in Linden, Michigan. The new house has been designed. Now, it is time to build it.For people who know me well, the reasons for wanting to live on an airport don’t require much explaining. Sometimes I forget that, for most people, it is a fairly radical idea. When most people think about an airport, they envision the airline terminals that they slog through in the course of traveling between distant cities. I opted to design the house myselfI am often asked why I decided to design our house myself as opposed to using an available design. The reason I usually give is that there are very few available house plans with attached hangars and adding a hangar to a conventional plan doesn’t work very well. An attached hangar tends to preclude an outside view from a relatively large fraction of the perimeter of the house. Although there are a handful of rooms for which a view to the outside is not important, conventional house plans usually do not locate these rooms in the location at which a hangar would make sense. We were not likely to find any off-the-shelf house plans that worked.When I am being completely honest, I admit the main reason I designed the house myself, as opposed to hiring an architect, is my personality. I have always enjoyed designing things. For most of my professional life, I designed automotive transmissions. In my 40s, I decided to change directions and become a patent attorney. I enjoy learning about new fields, like the science and practice of homebuilding. I enjoy the challenge of manipulating the parts to try to achieve what we want. I am looking forward to seeing something I designed become a real-world structure.My education about building science wasn’t very structured. As I played with potential floor plan ideas, various questions came up. “Would that be really expensive to build?” “Can walls come together like that?” “Can I put the second floor bathroom over the garage?” Searching online, I usually came across the answers to 20 questions I hadn’t thought to ask before I found the answer I was looking for.I discovered the wealth of information at sites like Green Building Advisor, Building Science Corporation, and HeatSpring. I was surprised at the gap between the best known way to build houses and the way it was typically done. Of course, I didn’t know enough to specify everything that needs to be specified. I was fortunate to have a builder who was open to departing from his usual practices and who provided the kinds of knowledge one cannot get from web sites. Editor’s note: This is the first in a series of guest blogs by Reid Baldwin about the construction of his house in Linden, Michigan. RELATED ARTICLES The Pretty Good HouseMartin’s Pretty Good House ManifestoGreen Building for BeginnersPlans and Pricing for Our House in MaineGBA Encyclopedia: Building Lots and Siting a House NEXT: Walls and insulation
Pune: At least 13 deaths have been reported due to swine flu (H1N1) virus since the beginning of the year in western Maharashtra, according to medical authorities.Health officials said Pune recorded six deaths since January this year, Solapur recorded three, Aurangabad two and Nashik and Kolhapur one each.More than 50 cases have been recorded across the region, including the northern part of the State and Marathwada. More than half cases are said to be from Pune.At least six patients detected are in a ‘critical’ condition and have been put on ventilator at different city hospitals.In Kolhapur district, the administration has set up emergency cells at primary health centres (PHCs) after a 45-year-old patient in Karvir tehsil succumbed to the virus.In 2016, the State had recorded 82 cases and 25 deaths due to the virus.Dr. Kanchan Jagtap, Joint Director, State Health Department, said, “Among [the cases recorded last year], 41 cases and nine deaths were recorded between January and February. Despite a slight increase in the H1N1 toll this year in the same time period, this is the normal seasonal transmission pattern of the virus. Although people need to take precautionary measures.”Scientists from the city-based National Institute of Virology (NIV) said there has been no change in the genetic make-up of the virus.
The Election Commission of India will visit poll-bound Haryana on Wednesday to take stock of the preparedness of the State’s administrative and security machineries for the Assembly elections. During the two-day visit, Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora along with Election Commissioners Ashok Lavasa and Sushil Chandra will be holding a series of meetings with various stake-holders, including the State’s chief electoral officer, police and the representatives of various political parties, an official statement said. The Commission will meet political parties on Wednesday, it added.
DefinitionMinimally invasive hip replacement is a technique used to perform hip replacement surgeries. It uses a smaller surgical cut, and fewer muscles around the hip are cut or detached.Alternative NamesSmall incision total hip replacement; MIS hip surgeryDescriptionTo perform this surgery:A cut will be made in one of three places — on the back of the hip (over the buttock), on the front of the hip (near the groin), or on the side of the hip.In most cases, the cut will be 3 – 6 inches long. In a regular hip replacement surgery, the cut is 10 – 12 inches long.The surgeon will use special instruments to work through the small cut.Surgery involves cutting and removing bone. The surgeon will remove some muscles and other tissues. Less tissue is removed than in regular surgery. Most of the time, muscles are not cut or detached.This procedure uses the same type of hip replacement implants as regular surgery.Why the Procedure Is PerformedAs in regular surgery, this procedure is done to replace or repair a diseased or damaged hip joint. This technique works better for patients who are younger and thinner. Minimally invasive techniques may allow for a quicker recovery and less pain.Talk with your surgeon about the benefits and risks. Ask if your surgeon has experience with this type of surgery.After the ProcedureThere is often lessblood loss and pain with this technique than with open surgery. People who have this surgeryoften have a shorter stay in the hospital and faster recovery. Ask your doctor if this procedure is a good choice for you.advertisementReferencesMeneghini RM, Smits SA, Swinford RR, Bahamonde RE. A randomized, prospective study of 3 minimally invasive surgical approaches in total hip arthroplasty: comprehensive gait analysis. J Arthroplasty. 2008;23:68-73.Harkess JW, Crockarell JR. Arthroplasty of the hip. In: Canale ST, Beatty JH, eds. Campbells Operative Orthopaedics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2012:chap 3.Review Date:8/12/2013Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
New Delhi: Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba was on Wednesday appointed as the next Cabinet Secretary for a tenure of two years. Gauba, a 1982-batch IAS officer of the Jharkhand cadre, will initially join as the Officer on Special Duty in the Cabinet Secretariat, before he takes over the charge of the country’s top bureaucratic post from the incumbent P K Sinha. “The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment of Rajiv Gauba, IAS (JH:1982) as Cabinet Secretary with a tenure of two years from 30.08.2019 or until further orders, whichever is earlier. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM'”The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has also approved the appointment of Rajiv Gauba as Officer on Special Duty in the Cabinet Secretariat from the date of his assumption of charge till he takes over as Cabinet Secretary,” according to an official order. Gauba took charge as the home secretary on August 31, 2017. Sixty-year-old Gauba had also served as secretary in the Union urban development ministry, additional secretary in the home ministry, looking after crucial left wing extremism division, among many other responsibilities. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&KGauba has wide-ranging experience in senior positions at policy making and programme implementation in both central and state governments and in international organisations. Born in Punjab, Gauba had graduated in Physics from Patna University. He had served in Jharkhand as the chief secretary for 15 months before returning to serve in the central government in 2016. He represented India on the board of International Monetary Fund for four years. As the Union home secretary, he has handling issues such as internal security, militancy in Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeast, Maoist problems in the central and east India besides other issues.